(Contributed   by   The  Rt.  Hon.  the  Lord  Mayor   ol  Melbourne,   1944-45,  Councillor   T.  S.   NETTLEFOLD,  O.B.E.)

Melbourne is familiarly known as the “Queen  City  of  the South,” and this  title  is by no means a misnomer.   The Melbourne  of   to-day is a  city  of  remarkable  beauty.  It  is  planned  on  lines  thai  enable the development of  years  the  utmost  scope.  without demanding drastic  alterations  to  conform  with  new  building designs.

Indeed, in many  ways,  Melbourne  is  like  a  stately  English  city set down complete, even to its tree-lined river, in the Australian landscape.  It  is  over  a  century   old,   having   been   founded   in 1835, and has grown up with the English love of tradition, ordered beauty  and  conservative  growth.  Its  setting   is   imposing   and beautif ul. The River Yarra curves  through  the  City,  reflecting splendid buildings, time-weathered cathedrals, business blocks and substantial homes  in  the  placid  waters.  Melbourne  is  a  well­ planned City, of wide, clean streets, of imposing buildings, of enchanting   gardens   and  recreation  grounds.

St. Kilda Road is one of its  finest  thoroughfares;  a  great  boule­ vard, three miles in length, with four lines  of  noble  trees, with provision for the separation of commercial traffic, trams, and fast· moving private motor cars. It leads from  Swanston  Street across Prince’s Bridge to St. Kilda, and passes the foot of the Shrine of Remembrance, a national World War Memorial to Australia’s heroic dead.

Among  the  many  notable  recreational   areas   of   Melbourne are the   famous  Botanical   Gardens  and  the   Alexandra   Gardens   (over 170 acres). which  are  among  the  loveliest  in  Australia.  Not  far away stands the picturesque old cottage  of  Captain  James  Cook, famed English  navigator  and  explorer  of  New  Zealand,  Australia and :llawaii. It was  brought  from  England  in  1935 and reassembled for  the  Melbourne Centenary.

Melbourne   contains   Australia’s   National   Gallery.   In  it   are  some of the  finest  works  in  the  Southern  Hemisphere.  The  National Museum,  Art  Museum.  Technological  and  Geological   Survey Museums attest to the city’s thoroughness in the  advancement  of knowledge   and   appreciation   of   art.

Near Melbourne are the  largest  trees  in  Australia.  In  the Warburton  and  Maryville  districts  (48  miles  from  the   city) are giant  eucalypti,  beautiful  trees,  some  of  them  287  feet  high  and 62 feet  around- at the base.    These  are seen on  one of  the   delightful day-trips from Melbourne. In the winter  (July  and  August),  the Warburton   region   offers  ski-ing   and  other   Alpine  sports.

Excluding Greater London, Melbourne is  the  sixth  largest  city  in the British  Empire  and  ranks  high  in  commerce  and  industry.  In this relationship, the manufacturing industries  and  primary  produc­ tion  .have  made  a  substantial  contribution  to  the  developm:mt  of the city.

To the tourist. to the migrant and to fellow-Australians, therefore, Melbourne offers attractions equal to anything in the world. In the· post-war  period,  when  many  proposals  for  civic  improvement  will be put in hand, Melbourne  will  advance  still  further  and  will assuredly  hold  a  high  place  among  the  important  cities   of the world.                                                                                   ·

The following information concerning the city is of great interest:-· Melbourne is  situated in Latitude   37   degrees   50  minute’.1 South, Longitude   144  degrees  59  minutes  East.

Founded in 1835, in the reign of  William  IV, I, was  named  after Lord Melbourne,  then  Prime Minister  of  England.  On the separation of Victoria from New South Wales in 1851. Melbourne became the Capital of the Colony,  and,  from  Federation  in  1901.  until  May. 1927, when Canberra was proclaimed the Capital of the Common­wealth  of  Australia, Melbourne was  the  seat  of   the Government of  the Commonwealth.

The title of the Corporation is “The Lord Mayor, Councillors  and Citizens  of   the  City  of  Melbourne.”

By  warrant under His Sign Manual,  dated  18th  December, 1902. His  Majesty  King  Edward  VII  was  graciously   pleased   to   confer on  the  Mayor  of  the  City  of  Melbourne  the  title  “Lord  Mayor”.

The Lord Mayor is ex-officio Chairman  of  the  City  Council, and han precedence in all Municipal proceedings and in all Magisterial Courts within the city, and next after the Members of the State legislature  on  all  occasions  a,:id  at  all  other  places  within  the city.

The Lord Mayor receives from  the  city  funds  such  allowance  a, the Council determines. The amount votf d for the  municipal year 1944-5 is £2500.

The Lord Mayor is elected by the Council at  10  o’clock  a.m. on the fourth day after the day  on  which  the  returning  officer declares the  candidates  at  any  annual  election  in  August  to  be duly elected.

The Government of the city is vested in a Council of thirty-three Councillors,  who  are  elected  by   the   ratepayers   and  hold office for three years; one Councillor from each Ward retires annually by rotation in terms of the Local Government Act, 1928.  There  are eleven  Wards.

Melbourne’s war effort is in keeping with  its  splendid  reputation. Since the outbreak of war, funds launched by the Lord  Mayor  for various   patriotic   purposes   have   resulted   in  the collection of some £2.000,000. Other phases of the general war effort with which  the Council and its staff have been connected in  praiseworthy  manner include the organisation of A.R.P. work, use of the Town Hall and Corporaiion property for patriotic purposes, co-operation with Com­ monwealth Government in matters of national emergency and administration   of   various  patriotic  fund  appeals.

The  sound  financial  position  of  the  Corporation  is  evident  from the   following   brief   references   thereto,   viz.:-  Loan   indebtedness  is £4,188.000;   value  of  tangible   assets  is  £4,107.097;  Sinking  Fund  is £1.272.172; Town and Lighting  Rate  is  2/-  in  the  £  and  the  ne!t return therefrom is £508.295. The fifteen undertakings  operated (excluding the Electricity Supply undertaking) such as  Abattoirs, Markets, Baths, etc.. represent a  total  liability  of  £864,305.  Towards the  repayment   of   this  liability,  sinking  funds  aggregating £388.446 have been accumulated to date. The  combined  nett  profit  on  all these undertakings, after making full provision for  interest, sinking fund and depreciation, is £20,949, which represents a  return  on capital liability of 2.4 per cent. It will, therefore, be seen  that no burden is imposed on rates in respect of the maintenance of these undertakings.

The normal number of officers  and  employees  at  the  outbreak  of war was 2394. The normal salaries and  wages  amount  to  approxi­mately  £700,000 per annum.

Regarding  Park  Lands  and  Reserves,  it  is  interesting   to note that of  the  total  area  of  the  city  (7740  acres)  such  Park  Lands and Reserves occupy 1727 acres. The total amount expended in maintenance and improvement to reserves, playgrounds, etc., during 1943 was £91,775.

It will thus be seen that  Melbourne  is well  served in the  provision of open spaces. The Council is following a wide policy of en­couraging sports,   and  in  pursuance of  such policy has created have been accumulated to date. The  combined  nett  profit  on  all these undertakings, after making full provision for  interest, sinking fund and depreciation, is £20,949, which represents a  return  on capital liability of 2.4 per cent. It will, therefore, be seen  that no burden is imposed on rates in respect of the maintenance of these undertakings.

The normal number of officers  and  employees  at  the  outbreak  of war was 2394. The normal salaries and  wages  amount  to  approxi­mately  £700,000 per annum.

Regarding  Park  Lands  and  Reserves,  it  is  interesting   to note that of  the  total  area  of  the  city  (7740  acres)  such  Park  Lands and Reserves occupy 1727 acres. The total amount expended in maintenance and improvement to reserves, playgrounds, etc., during 1943 was £91,775.

It will thus be seen that  Melbourne  is well  served in the  provision of open spaces. The Council is following a wide policy of en­couraging sports,   and  in  pursuance of such policy has  created many sporting ovals, turf  Wickets,  etc.,  in  parks.  The  sporting ovals are  equipped  with  dressing-room  accommodation  with hot and cold shower facilities, etc. Furthermore, the Council’s post-war plans include provision for  a still greater  number  of  playing spaces for  its residents.

Regarding Child Welfare, the City Council has for many years accepted the principle that  preventive  methods  should  begin  with the  child,  and has  sought  to  put  this  principle  into  effect.  In 1927 it adopted a report of the  health  committee,  proposing  that  Child Welf are centres and Kindergartens for  the  care  of  mothers  and of all children under school age should be provided within reasonable distance of all homes in the residential  areas  of  the  city.  At  the same time, it appointed a full-time medical officer for Child Welfare and assumed control of the four exisiing baby  health centres which had been pioneered by committees of the Victorian Baby Health Centres Association. The nurses employed became officers of the Council and an additional nurse was engaged  to  deal  with pre­-school children. Since that date, working as far as possible in collaboration with all other  agencies  dealing  with  Child  Welfare, the  Council  has  been  able  considerably   to  increase  its   facilities. It has built five new Welfare Centres, two  of  which,  in  outlying areas, are equipped also as centres for dental examination and treatment, dental service in central areas being provided by the pre-school clinic of the Melbourne Dental Hospital. It has now six up-to-date centres  and  two  sub-centres,  one  of  which  is  operated as a training school by the Victorian Baby Health Centres  Associa­ tion. It now employs one medical officer and eight sisters and the part-time  services  of  one  medical  officer  and  one sister.

For many  years  there  have  been  operating  in  the  city  a number of Kindergartens conducted by committees of the Free Kindergarten Union and by the Anglican, Roman Catholic and Presbyterian Churches. Realising that the continuous supervision of children in Kindergartens could be much more effective than anything  achieved by  occasional  visits  to  health   centres,   the   Council’s   officers have endeavoured to maintain a close association with the Kinder­gartens, and the Council has given to them a gradually increasing financial  assistance.  The  Council  has  built  two  Kindergartens which are conducted by local committees, affiliated with the Frae Kindergarten of Victoria. In addition, the  Council  contributed land and other assistance for the construction  of  the  Victorian  Lady Gowrie  Child  Centre,  which  is  located  in  the  city area.

When embarking upon its programme of  Kindergarten extension and in  order  that  there  should  be  co-ordination  between  the  work of the various Child Welfare agencies, the Council set up a Child Welfare Advisory Committee, under the Chairman of the Health Committee. upon which are represented the following bodies:-The State Department of Health, the State Department of Education, The Free Kindergarten Union of Victoria, the Victorian Baby Health Association, the Australian Association for Pre-School Child Development, the Victorian Association of Creches, the Anglican Church,  the  Roman  Catholic Church  and  the  Presbyterian Church.

Including those  constructed  by  the  City  Council  there  are now within the city area 19 Kindergartens, affording accommodation for approximately  1200  children,  all  subsidised   and   assisted   to   a greater or lesser extent by  the  Council,  working  in  close  collaborcr­ tion with the Health Department of the Council and all endeavouring to  supply  a  service  of   the  highest   standard.

It  is  not  suggested  that  Kindergarten  provision  throughout the city is yet by any means adequate,  or  that  the  standard  of  build­ ings, equipment and programme are yet uniformly high, but steady progress  is  being  made  towards  that  ideal.   As  regards  the results of these activities in Child ·welfare,  it  may  be  claimed  that  they are, in some measure, responsible for  the  steady  decline  in  infant and child mortality and  for  gradual  improvement  in  the  health  of the  children.  The  close  contact  which  a   developed   service of child welfare centres and  kindergartens  affords  with  the  homes of the people is also claimed  to  be  a  very  valuable  means  of parent and  adult  education.

For  many  years  there  have  also  been  operating  within  the city three  creches  conducted  by  committees  of  the  Victorian  Association of Creches. The staff of  the  Health  Department  has  always  main­ tained  contact  with  these  and  they  also  have   received   over   the years   an   increasing   amount   of   financial   assistance.

Throughout its parks and gardens the Council has 17 playgrounds equipped with swings, maypoles and other material. Two of its children’s playgrounds are supervised by playleaders  supplied by the Playgrounds Association of  Victoria  as  a  result  of subsidies by the Council.

I-METROPOLITAN DISTRICT
THE  CITY   OF  MELBOURNE.

Founded in 1835,  incorporated  as  a  Town in 1842 and  created  a  Ciiy  by  Letters Patent of  Queen Victoria  dated  June  25, 1847.

Area-7740 acres. Population-City  Muni­ cipal Area only, 102,700; Melbourne and Suburbs, 1.170,000. Buildings-22,230.  Length of streets-190 miles. Average  rainfall-26 inches.  Altitude-sea   level.   rising   to   150 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £101.630.480; Nett Annual Value, £5,081.524.

Rate. 1945-A   Town   Rate   of   2s.   in   the   £ levied   on   neit    annual   values.    In    addition the    Melbourne    and    Metropolitan    Board    of Works  levies  the  following  rates  on  the  above nett    annual   valuation,    viz.:   a   Metropolitan General   Rate   (Sewerage)   of   ls.   in   the   £;   a Water   Rate   of   6d.   in   the   £.   and   Drainage and  River  Improvement   Rate  of   ld.  in  the  £.

Newspapers.—Daily: “Age,” est. 1854, daily. Monday  to Saturday (morning); “Argus,”   est.   1846,   daily,   Monday   to   Satur­ day    (morning);  “Sun News-Pictorial.”  est. 1922,   daily,   Monday   to   Saturday   (morning); “Herald,”  est.   1840,  daily.  Monday to Satur­day (evening).

Weekly: “Australasian,” est. 1864. weekly (Saturday); “Labour Call.” est. 1906, weekly (Thursday); “Leader,” est. 1856, weekly (Saturday); “Smith’s Weekly,” est. 1918 (Saturday); “Truth.'” weekly (Saturday); “Weekly  Times.”  est.  1861 (Wednesday).

Sectional Papers and Periodicals.-Broad­casting   and   Radio-Listener   In   (weekly); Radio  Times  (Saturday).  Foreign  Communi­ties: Australian Jewish Herald (weekly); Aus­tralian   Jewish   News   (weekly,    Thursday); Phos (weekly). Motion Pictures,  Photography. etc.: New Screen News (weekly, Saturday). Motoring and Aviation: Aircraft (monthly); Australian Motorist  (monthly);  Radiator  (mid­dle of  month).  Religious:  Advocate  (Thurs­day); Australian  Catholic  Digest  (1st  of month); Australian Catholic  Truth  Society Record (fortnightly);  Australian  Christian (weekly.  Wednesday);  Australian   Churchman (1st of month); Australian Church Quarterly (quarterly from March);  Australian  Intercol­legian (March-December); Australian  Mes­senger  of  the   Sacred   Heart   (monthly); Catholic Missions (monthly); Catholic  Young Man (monthly); Children’s World (monthly); China’s Millions (1st of month); Church  of England Messenger (alternate Fridays); Cross­ Roads  (fortnightly);  Far  East   (monthly); Golden  Grain  (monthly);  Horizon  (1st  of Month); Irish Review (monthly);  League Broadcast     (monthly); Madonna (monthly); M.B.I. News Chronicle; Melbourne  City Mis­sion Record (monthly); Messenger (weekly, Friday); New Covenant  Advocate  (monthly); New Life (weekly. Friday); Our Indian Field (monthly); Pen (monthly); Pure Words (month­ly); Signs of the Times (weekly); Spectator (weekly. Wednesday); Tribune (Weekly, Thursday); United Aborigines’ Messenger (monthly); Victory  (monthly);  Victorian  Bap­tist Witness  (5th  of  month);  Victorian  Church of England News (monthly); Victorian Inde­pendent (monthly); W.A.O.M. Link (1st  of month);   Young   Soldier   (weekly,  Saturday).

Scientific, Technical and Cultural.-Austra­lian Chemical Institute Journal and Proceed­ings (monthly); Australian Educational Quar­terly (pre-war); Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (quarterly);  Australian  Jour­nal of Dentistry (1st of month); Australasian Journal of Pharmacy (30th of month); Chemi­cal  Engineering  and  Mining  Review  (8th of month); Commonwealth Engineer (10th of month); Economic Record (June  and Decem­ber); Electrical Engineer and Merchandiser (monthly); Emu (quarterly  from  January); Journal of Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (quarterly, February, May, August, November); Mining and Geological Journal (March  and  September);  Modern   Engineer (20th of month); Proceedings of the  Royal Society of Victoria (June and December); Vic­torian Naturalist  (monthly).

Sporting.—Australian Trotting Record (weekly); Australasian Turf  Register (yearly in August); Bowls (weekly, October-April, monthly from May to September); Circle (weekly, Thursday); Football Record (week­ly); Guide (weekly); Schuss (monthly); Side­lines (monthly); Sporting Globe (twice week­ly, Wednesday  and  Saturday);  Sporting Judge (twice weekly, Wednesday and Satur­day).

Stock, Farm and Garden.-Australian Dairy Review (monthly); Australian Dried  Fruits News (quarterly); Australian Farm and Home (20th  of  month);  Australian  Garden Lover (1st of month); Australian Poultry World (1st of month); Citrus News (1st of month);  Country­man (weekly,  Friday);  Fruit  World  and  Mar­ket Grower (5th of month); Gippsland and Northern  Co-operator  (weekly,   Thursday); Home Gardener (monthly); Journal of the Department of Agriculture (monthly); Milk Producer  (15th  of  each  month);  Pastoral Review and Graziers’ Record (16th of month); Seed and  Nursery  Trader  (20th  of  month); Stock and Land (weekly,  Wednesday);  Vic­torian Poultry Journal (monthly); Victorian Producer  (fortnightly,  Thursday).

Trade and Commerce.—Australian Automo­bile Trade Journal (monthly); Australian Brewing and Wine Journal (20th of month); Australian Food Manufacturer and Distributor (5th of month); Australasian Footwear (month­ly); Australian Financial Gazette & Insurance Chronicle (monthly);  Australian  Grocer  (20th of month); Australasian Insurance and  Bank­ing Record (21st of each month); Australian Leather Journal (15th of month); Australian Manufacturing Jewellers’, Watchmakers’ and Opticians’  Gazette  (monthly);  Australian Plastic and  Allied  Trades’  Review;  Aus­tralian Storekeepers’  and  Traders’  Journal (31st of Month); Boot  Repairer  (20th  of month);    Building Age (weekly, Friday);

Building and  Construction  and  Cazaly’s Contract  Reporter  (weekly,  Tuesday);  Coach and Motor Body Builder (15th of month); Coomb’s Trade Circular  (weekly,  Saturday); Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (daily); Decorator and Painter (1st of month); Draper of Australasia  (last  day  of  month); Dun’s Gazette (weekly); Garage and Service Station Gazette (25th of month); Grocery and Storekeeping News (7th of each month); Home Beautiful (1st of month); Hardware and Machinery (17th of month); Ideas (middle of month); Industrial Australian and Mining Standard (fortnightly, 1st, 2nd and 15th of month); Industry and Trade (1st of month); McCarthys Caterers’, Pastrycooks’ and Allied Trades’ Journal (monthly); Real  Estate  and Stock Journal; Record (monthly); Storecraft (monthly); Tenders  (weekly,  Thursday);  Tex· tile Journal of Australia (15th of each month); Traders’ News (monthly); Victorian Craftsman (monthly); Victorian Master Baker (31st of month); Victorian Master Butcher (25th  of month); Vigilante (weekly); Wine and Spirit News  (28th  of  each month).

Unions and  Associations.  – Association News (1st of each  month);  Australian Accountant (15th of each month); Australasian Electrical and Radio Times  (20th  of  each month); Australian Municipal Journal (fort­nightly,  middle  and  end  of   month);  Aus­tralian Telegraphist (monthly); Australian Traveller (6th of month); Bankers’ Journal (monthly); Bankers’ Magazine of Australasia (monthly); Catholic Worker (monthly); Clarion Call (monthly); Common Weal (monthly); Duckboard (monthly); Federal Public Service Journal (monthly); Federal Accountant (monthly); Hammer (monthly); Journalist (monthly); Justice of the Peace (10th of month);  Law Institute Journal (monthly); Locomotive Journal (second Thursday of month); Melbourne Man­ hood (5th of month); Postmaster (monthly); Progress (1st of month); Progressive Woman (monthly);  Public  Service  Journal   (25th  of each month); Railway Union Gazette  (month­ly); R.A.O.B. Gazetie (monthly);_ Rationalist (monthly);  Rechabite  and  Temperance  News (1st of month);  Savings  Weekly  (Thursday); Shop Assistant of  Australia  (20th  of  month); Sun of Temperance (monthly);  Teachers’  Jour­nal (1st of month); Te Koreo (1st of month); Telecommunication Journal of Australia (three times a year); Timber Worker (monthly); Tramway Record; Una (monthly); Unity (monthly);  Victorian  Police  Journal   (1st of each month); Victorian Scout (15th of month); White  Ribbon  Signal  (monthly).

Women, Fashion, etc.-Australian Journal (last Thursday in month); Australian Women’s Weekly (weekly, Tuesday); Madame Weigal’s Journal of Fashion (1st of month); New Idea (weekly); Women’s Weekly (Tuesday); Woman’s World (last Friday of  month).

Miscellaneous.—Air Force News   (monthly); All  About  Books  (15th  of   month);  Argus  Law Reports   (fortnightly);   Argus   Index   (half-year­ly);    Australian    Official    Handbook    (annual­ly);   Australian    Official    Journal    of    Patents, Trade    Marks    and    Designs    (weekly.    Thurs­day);    Australian    Musical    News    (monthly); Australian    Stamp    Monthly    (1st    of    month); Australian     Statesman    (monthly);    Digest    of World   Reading   (monthly);   Farrago   (weekly, Thursday);     Front     Line     (monthly);     General Practitioner    of    Australia    and· New   Zealand (15th   of   month);   Government   Gazette   (week­ly);  Harbinger   of  Light   (15th  of   each  month); Idle  Moments  (monthly);  Life  (monthly);  Medi­cal  Topics   (Is!  of  month);   New   Times  (week­ly,    Friday);     Safety    News     (every    second month);   Salt   (weekly);   Speculum   (June   and November);   Victorian   Education   Gazette   and Teachers’ Aid (15th of  each  month);  Walk about (monthly);  Wild  Life (monthly).

Electoral Divisions: Federal—Melbourne; Bourke; Fawkner; Melbourne Ports. State—L.C., Doutta Galla Province; Melbourne Pro­vince; Monash Province. L.A., Melbourne; Carlton;  Flemington; Prahran;  Port Melbourne.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

The Right Hon. The Lord Mayor—Councillor Francis  R.  Connelly,  J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Albert Ward: Crs.  G.  R.  Boulton;  E.  L. Morton,  J.P.;  T.  Kerr,  J.P.

Hoddle Ward: Crs.   J.   W.   Ferguson,  J.P.; H.Tatnall; Sir  A.  G.  Wales.

Lonsdale Ward:   Crs.  G.  F.  Pedersen,   J.P. H. L. Lyall, J.P.; T. S. Nettlefold, O.B.E.

Batman Ward: Crs. H.  P. Higginson, A.I.C.A., A.C.A.A.; H. E. Morton, M.Inst. C.E.; G McNaught Hume

Hopetoun Ward: Crs. C. T. Smith; the Hon. John Joseph Holland, M.L.A.; W. R. Crichton.

Smith  Ward: Crs.  J.B.  Naughton;  the Hon. W. Barry, M.L.A.;  F.  P.  Williams,  LL.B.

Bourke Ward: Crs. E. L.  Jones,  J.P.;  B. Marks, J.P. (all Aust. States); the Hon. James Stanley  Disney,  M.L.C.,  J.P.

Hotham Ward: Crs. T. Hayes,  M.L.A.; J. Stack;    the    Hon.    Patrick    Leslie    Coleman, M.L.C.• L.I.C.A., L.G.A.

Victoria  Ward:  Crs.  F.  G.  J. Hardy;  W. C. L. Townsend, LL.M.; R. H. Solly.

Gipps Ward: Crs. R. B. C. Campbell; F. R. Connelly,  J.P.;  W.  J.  Brens.

Latrobe Ward: Crs. Sir H. G. Smith, V.D., F.R.C.P.,  J.P.;  O. J. Nilsen,  J.P.;  the Hon. Sir Beaurepaire, M.L.C.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION.

Town Clerk and Chief Executive Officer: H.S. Wootton. C.M.G., J.P.

Deputy Town Clerk-G. J. Dean, J.P.
Chief  Clerk—N. R. Bennett.
City  Solicitor—E. J. Hamilton.
City Engineer—P. S. Robinson, M.C.
Deputy City Engineer—W. V. Wallens.
Building Surveyor—H. S. J. Reed.
City  Architect—E. N. Beilby.
City Treasurer—E. R. Hudspeth.
Deputy City Treasurer—G. R. Duncan.
City  Valuer—J.  R.  Riddell.
City Electrical Engineer—B. Woodfull.
Medical Officer of Health—Dr. John Dale, O.B.E.
Superintendent of Markets—T. G. Compton.
Superintendent of Abattoirs and Cattle Markets—R.R. Birch.
Curator of Parks and  Gardens—J. Sherry.

COMMITTEES OF THE: CITY  COUNCIL.

Public Works; Health; Finance; General Purposes and Legislative; Town Hall and Properties; Electric Supply; Abattoirs and Markets; Parks; Gardens and Recreations; Traffic and Building Regulations; Licensed Vehicles.

The Council is also represented on the following public bodies:—

Melbourne  and  Metropolitan  Board  of Works; Metropolitan Fire Brigades Board; Exhibition Trustees; Municipal Association of Victoria; Committee of Melbourne  Sailors’ Home; Queen’s Memorial Infectious Diseases Hospital Board; New Melbourne General Cemetery, Fawkner; Building Regulations Commission; Building Industry Congress of Victoria;  Heatherton  Sanatorium;  Victorian Civil Ambulance Service; Council of Victorian Baby Health Centres Association; Advisory Council of Emily McPherson College  of Domestic Economy; Advisory Council of the Flemington Girls’ High School;  Advisory Council, Melbourne Technical College; Ad­visory Council, University High School; Zoo­logical Board of Victoria; Playgrounds Association of Victoria;  Town  Planning Associa­tion; Patriotic Funds Council of Victoria; Victorian Council for Social Training; Lady Huntingfield  Free  Kindergarten  Committee; and the Workers’ Educational Association of Victoria.

ANALYSIS  OF CITY AREAS

Acres.Acres.
Streets, 33ft. wide and over898
Streets under 33ft. and lanes91
Footways370
1360
Park Lands and Reserves1726
Lands held by the City Corporation361
West Melbourne Swamp Land311
Rivers and Docks-Water Area241
Melbourne Harbour Trust Lands (omitting Roads)110
Flemington Racecourse297
Railways (Station Yard and Lines)697
Building and other Areas (Government and Private)2637
Area of the Whole City7740

THE  TOWN HALL.

The Auditorium of the Town Hall which replaced that section of the building destroy­ed by fire on February 1, 1925, was com­pleted  in  December,  1927.  The  dimensions of the hall are: length,  95  feet;  width,  108 feet; height, 70  feet,  and the seating  capacity is 2672 (main floor. 1810; balcony, 862). The Hall is mechanically heated and  ventilated. and an elaborate system of lighting is in­stalled.

A Grand Organ, complete with every modern mechanical and  tonal  improvement. built by  Wm.  Hill  &  Son  and  Norman  & Beard Ltd.,  of  London,  at  a  cost  of  £39,000. is  installed,  and  ranks  among  the   world’s best  instruments. A feature is  the inclusion of  an independent echo organ.

The administrative block of buildings ad­joining  the  Town  Hall  occupies  the   site of the  old  City  Police  Court  buildings,  which was purchased by the Council from the Gov­ernment   in   the   year   1890   for   the   sum  of £140,000. The cost  of  the  buildings.  fittings and  furniture  was  £58,000.

THE CITY OF BOX HILL.

Proclaimed a District in 1857, a Shire in 1872, a Borough  in  1925, and  a  City  in  1927.

Area—5120 acres. Population—20,000. Dwellings—5000. Shops—300. Length of streets—109 miles. Average rainfall—30 inches. Altitude—about  370  feet.

Valuations, 1945 — Unimproved Capital Value,  £1.739,197;  Improved  Capital  Value, £5,171.552; Nett  Annual  Value,  £287,908. Rate, 1945-General   Rate   of   2/7d.   in   the £,  levied  on  Nett  Annual  Values.

Enlistments from City-About 1700 in all Services.

Newspaper—”The Reporter,” published weekly on Fridays.

Electoral  Divisions:  Federal—Deakin. State—L.C., East Yarra Province;  Southern Province. L.A.,  Nunawading; Boroondara.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. E.  J. Ellingworth.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. R. H. L. Sparks; J. S. Gowler; H. D. Campbell; W. J. Boyland;   J.  C.  Hogan;  W. J. Richards, J.P.; A. A. Fitzgerald; W. A. Kemp.  J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICIALS.

Town Clerk and Treasurer—A. Bruce Currey, F.I.M.A. Engineer and Building Surveyor—F. W. Kerr,  C.E. Electrical Engineer—G. F. Wright, A.M.I.E. Valuer—L.E. Scott, F.C.I.V.  Assistant Town Clerk-H.D. Hackwell A.F.I.A Health Officer—Dr. J. E. Shilliday, M.B., B.S.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate   Mondays.

Having won  the  “Melbourne  Herald” Gar­den Shield  and  the title  of  “The Garden  City of Melbourne.” the City of Box Hill is an undulating and picturesque suburb about ten miles to the east of the Metropolis by electric railway.   A   marked   community   spirit   of civic pride has resulted in the fullest preser­vation of natural rural beauty, and this  has been steadily augmented by the planting of trees  along  many  miles  of  streets. The area of  the City is  almost   entirely  residential  and it is surrounded by a belt of apple, pear and peach orchards and  poultry  farms.

Outstanding architectural features include  a fine  modern   Town   Hall,   dignified   churches of all denominations, a  modem  Boys’ High, Boys’ Technical and  Girls’  Technical  Schools. In  addition,  there   are   five   State  schools, three private  registered  schools,  two  Gram­mar Schools and one public school and a flourishing Horticultural  Society  and Orches­tral Society. Within the  City  are  found  300 acres of parklands, and recreational facilities include 8 sports ovals, two  golf  courses, bowling green, tennis courts, children’s play­grounds, a cycling track, and a modern, under-water-lighted swimming pool,  and there is  a  popular  natural pool  in  Surrey  Park.

Health statistics are excellent, births  and deaths  being  at  the  rate  of  23  and   13 per 1000 of population  respectively.  Two Infant Welf are Centres care for the young, and diphtheria immunisation has reduced the in­ cidence  of   that  disease.

Industry  is  represented  by  a  brick  works, a case factory, flour  mill,  engineering works, a farm implement works, cool stores and ice works, and gas works. Post-war plans of the City include the building of a 100-bed modern multi-storeyed District Hospital, a National Fitness and Youth Centre, extension  of  Infant Welfare Centres and Kindergartens and a Cultural  Centre  embodying  a  civic  public Library.

THE  CITY  OF BRIGHTON.

Proclaimed a Borough in 1859, a Town in 1887, and  a City  in 1919.

Area-3332 acres. Population-37,146. Dwellings- 10,316. Length of  streets-96 miles. Average rainfall—30  inches. Altitude—at  sea  level  on  the  shores  of  Port  Phillip. Valuations,   1945-Improved   Capital  Value, £15.079,100;   Nett Annual Value, £753,955.

Rate, 1945-General Rate of 2/4d. in the £ levied  on  Nett  Annual  Values.

Enlistments from City–approximately   3500. Newspaper- “The Southern Cross,” published  weekly  on  Fridays.

Electoral Divisions: Federal-Balaclava; Henly. State-L.C., Higinbotham; Monash Provinces.   L.A., Brighton; St. Kilda.

THE CITY  COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. R. E. Tracey, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. D. F. F. Granter,  J.P.; C. P. Wright; R. T. Breen, LL.B.; A. R. Roberts, D.C.M., J.P.; C. W. W. Turner; E. H. Bleasby, J.P.; H. H. Lawrence; J. E. Stamp; R. E. Trickey, J.P.; S. M. Arms; R. H. Wallman.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk—J. H. Taylor, F.A.I.S.
City Engineer—C. E.  Tuxen,  C.E.,  M.I.E. (Aust.).
City Valuer—G. S. Armfield, V.D., F.C.I.V.
Rate Collector—A.W. Adams.
Assistant Town Clerk—H. C. Ferguson.
Chief  Clerk—A. C. De Garis.
Assistant    Engineer—C. D. Seabrook, C.E., A.M.I.E. (Aust.).
Curator—P. Trevaskis.

The  Council  meets  on alternate Mondays.

This  pleasant  residential  area   is situated on the Eastern  shore  of  Port  Phillip Bay, about 9 to 9-! miles from Melbourne, and, like Brighton in  the  south  of  England,  it  is  a very well known and much-patronised water­ ing  place.  It  has  access  to  the   Metropolis by an excellent electric railway  service  and ‘bus routes along the foreshore of the Bay connect  with  tram  and  train  at   St. Kilda. The City’s shoreline to the Bay is about four miles in length and stretches from the boun­ dary of St. Kilda in the north to that of Sandringham in the south.  The  whole  City area is well laid out and preserved; i, has excellent streets planted with  trees  and there are  many  garden  plots.  On  the  seashore there are several piers, public baths and dressing sheds at intervals, and there is an adequate  breakwater  for  the   protection  of the many yachts and other craft which are moored there. On  Green  Point,  near  the beach, there  is  a  very  fine  war  memorial from the 1914-18 war, and along the whole beach area the City Council  provides  gar­ dens, beach reserves  and  ample  picnic grounds  with  fine,  shady trees.

The City  Council,  by  excellent  organisa­tion, has catered extensively both for  the resident and the visitor.  Excellent  A.R.P. facilities were provided during  the  war  and the  Patriotic  Society  raised  magnificent amounts  for  patriotic  objects.   The   Council has under way a proposition for the establishment of a General Hospital and has undertaken to provide £12,000  for  the  pur­chase of the  site.  Cultural  matters  have always been fostered in this City and many recitals have been given by the well-known Brighton  Philharmonic  Society.  The  local health   programme is very embracing and a long-range health plan· provides not only for immunisation, but for various clinics and physical fitness facilities. In  the  post-war period the  ratepayer  of  this  City  should  en­joy   a  high  standard  of   public  amenities .

THE  CITY   OF  BRUNSWICK.

Proclaimed a Borough in 1857, a Town in 1888, and a City in 1908.

Area-2719 acres. Population—53,390. Dwellings—13,738. Length of streets—120 miles. Average rainfall—28 inches. Altitude—150 feet.

Valuation, 1945—Unimproved Capital Value, £3,044,536. Rate, 1945-General Rate of 7d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Newspapers.—”The Guardian,” published weekly on Fridays; “The Sentinal.” published fortnightly on Wednesdays.

Electoral  Divisions:  Federal—Bourke. State—L.C.,  Doutta  Galla  Province. L.A.,  Carlton; Coburg;  Brunswick.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. W. F. Temple.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. E.  Dunstan,  J.P.;   W.  E.  Egginton;   A. Holbrook, J.P.; C. A. J. Dollman; J. C. 1. Braddy, J.P.; G. F. Piera; N. H. Sheils; J. P. Holbrook, J.P.; C.   C.   Fisher,   J.P.;   D. Don; P. Jacobs, J.P.

COUNCIL  OFFICIALS.

Town Clerk-R. A. McGregor  Dawson, F.A.I.S., J.P.
City  Engineer-D.  W.  Bonar,  C.E.
Health Inspector-I. M. Davidson.
Rate  Collector-I.  D.  Behrend.
Deputy Town Clerk-H. W. Foletta.
Electrical Engineer-I.  Whitelaw.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate Mondays.

This City covers  a  prosperous  industrial This City covers  a  prosperous  industrial and business area which lies to the  imme­diate north of the  City of  Melbourne proper. It is very closely populated, has good, wide streets, many of them planted with trees, an important Technical School, a College of Domestic Arts, public and some private schools, and 22 hotels. Many industries are etablished in the area,  a  considerable  num­ber of them providing for brick-making and pottery, and there are many large textile factories. The   main   Sydney   road    passes through the town, which has a fine shopping centre and a well-appointed  Town  Hall. Within the City area are  a  considerable number of parks  and recreation  grounds, and of especial note is a very modern swimming baths which cost about £40,000 to construct. Access to the Metropolis is by electric rail­way,  and  excellent  frequent  tram  service and  ‘bus services run to surrounding suburbs.

In close proximity to the south of the City is Royal Park. an extensive stretch of park­lands, within which is situated the Melbourne Zoo.

THE  CITY  OF CAMBERWELL.

Created a District in  1854,  proclaimed  a Shire in 1871, a Borough in 1905, a Town in 1906,  and  proclaimed  a  City  in  1914.

Area-8850 acres. Population-70,286. Dwellings-19,800. Length of streets-183 miles. Average rainfall-28    inches.     Alti­tude-from 40 to 400 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Unimproved Capital Value, £7,884,840; Improved Capital Value, £25,208,656; Nett Annual Value, £1.476.405.

Rate, 1945—General rate of  4½d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Enlistments from City—approximately 4150.

Newspaper-“The Free Press,” published weekly on Wednesdays; “The Observer,” published at Balwyn fortnightly on Thurs­ days.

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Kooyong. State: L.C., East Yarra Province. L.A., Boroondarra; Kew; Nunawading.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. W. R. Warner,  J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. F. N. Le Leu, J.P.; K. Wright; E. W. Raven; W. A. Fordham, J.P.;  W. Dimmick. J.P.;  J.  H.  Nettleton,  J.P.; K.  L. O. Macleay, J.P.; R. C. Cooper,  J.P.;  J. S. August, J.P.; R. B. Leigh;  R. B. Barnes, J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICIALS.

Town .Clerk—R. M. C. Aitchison, F.F.I.A., F.A.I.S.
City Engineer—S. W. Goldworthy, C.E., A.M.I.E. (Aust.).
Health Inspector-G. L. Campbell.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate Mondays.

This flourishing and, in parts, high-class residential area is  about  five  to  six  miles east of Melbourne proper, and the City boundaries include the  districts  of  Camber­well, Ashburton, Balwyn, Burwood. Canter­ bury,  Deepdene,  Glen  Iris,  Hartwell  and Surrey Hills. Access is by ·electric train  ser­ vice, tram services and ‘bus services. In Camberwell  itself  the  streets  are   planted with trees and there are several fine “parks, gardens  and  recreation   areas.   It is  the  site of colleges and some private schools. Sig­ nificant of the civic pride  of  the  residents  of this City area is the fact that  within  its boundaries two Horticultural Societies and eighteen Progress Associations operate. All usual  sporting  facilities  are   available   and are conveniently distributed throughout the various  sections  of  the  City.

THE CITY  OF CAULFIELD.

Created a District in 1857, proclaimed a Shire in 1871. a Borough in 1901,  a  Town later  in  1901. and  a  City  in 1913.

Area—5416 acres. Population—79,064. Dwellings—19,231. Length of streets—164 miles. Average rainfall—26 inches. Altitude—to 188 feet.

Valuation, 1945—Unimproved Capital Value, £6,318,124; Improved Capital Value, £23,252,487; Nett Annual Value, £1,265,335.

Rate, 1945—General rate of 4½d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Electoral  Divisions—Federal:  Balaclava; Henty; Fawkner. State:  L.C., Monash  Pro­vince;  Higinbotham Province.  L.A., Caul­field;  Oakleigh; St. Kilda; Toorak.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr.  J. T. Packer.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. W. R. Brooks; H. C. H. Smith; E. M. Parton;  H. E. Sims;  J. S. Yorston; J. E. Smith; A. J. G. Sinclair,  J.P.; H. C.  H. Webster; T. W. Morris; S. W. Tyers; P. L. Prior,  J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICIALS.

Town Clerk—J. R. Briggs, F.A.I.S., F.F.I.A., A.I.C.A.
City Engineer—W. R. Fullard, A.M.I.E. (Aust.).
Health  Officer—Dr. W. H. Fitchett,  M.B., B.S.

This well-known and almost wholly resi­dential suburb of Melbourne is situated about 6½ miles south-east of the  Metropolis and is served by an excellent electric train service and trams from St. Kilda and  Mal­vern. There are many residences of  a very good  class,  shopping  facilities  are  adequate, there are three hotels, a Technical School, and   both   State   and   private   schools.    There are  a  number   of   recreation   areas  including Caulfield   Park   of  62   acres,   and   within   the boundaries   of   the   City  is  situated   the   well· known  Caulfield   Racecourse.    This course  is vested  as  a  reserve  for  racing,  recreation  and public  park  purposes  in  a  Board  of  Trustees, and  when not used   for   racing is open to residents   and   the   public   generally.    Other suburban    areas  included within the City boundaries are part of Elsternwick, Glen­huntly,  Ormond  and  Murrumbeena.

THE  CITY  OF  CHELSEA.

Proclaimed the Borough of Carrum in  1920 and  the  City  of  Chelsea  in 1929.

Area—3040 acres. Population—7620. Dwellings—2950. Average rainfall—30 inches. Altitude—Sea level to 18 feet.

Valuations, 1945—Unimproved Capital Value, £597,385; Improved Capital Value, £1,741,491; Nett Annual Value £106,434.

Rate, 1945—General rate of 6¼d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Enlistments from City—approximately 700.

Newspaper—”The News,” published week­ly on Saturdays.

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Flinders. State: L.C., South-Eastern Province. L.A., Dandenong.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. H. S. McColl, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. L. F. Payne; E. R. H. Charles, J.P.; T. Sargeant; R. A. Hutchings; R. E. Cheeseman, J.P.; A. G. Miller; J. H. W. Scott; E. F. Meier, J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk—John  F.  Gallahan.
City Engineer—John S.  Watson,  C.E.,  L.S.
Health Officer—Dr. R. F. Le Souef, M.B., B.S.

The Council meets on the 1st and 3rd Mondays in the month.

This City comprises a narrow stretch  of land, about five miles in length, along the foreshores of Port Phillip Bay, and its head­quarters  at  Chelsea  proper  are  about  20 miles from the  Metropolis.  Within  its  area are a number  of  little  townships  studded along the beach front, all affording beautiful. clean and safe bathing beaches. These com­ prise Aspendale, Bonbeach, Carrum and Edithvale, all of which are very popular watering  places  with  excellent   swimming and  other  sporting  facilities.   Chelsea  itself is a fine residential area with good shopping facilities for the resident and tourist and amenities such as  picture  theatres  and  a dance palais. Industry within the City area is represented by a case factory, fibrous plaster works and  tile  factories.  Accers  is provided by the electric railway from Melbourne to Frankston, which runs from north to south through  the  City  boundaries   and   close to the foreshores. This area is availed  of  by many holiday-makers for one-day trips in the summer months.

THE CITY OF COBURG.

Created a District in 1869, proclaimed a Shire in 1874, a Borough in 1905, a Town in 1912, and a City in 1922.

Area—4800 acres. Population—48,00.3. Dwellings—11,471. Length of streets—128 miles. Average rainfall—28 inches. Alti­tude—255  feet.

Valuations,  1945—Unimproved Capital Value, £2,745,582; Improved Capital Value. £8,837,017;  Nett Annual Value, £520,025.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 6d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Enlistments from City—about  3500.

Newspaper—”The Courier,” published weekly on Wednesdays (free).

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Bourke. State: L.C., Melbourne North Province. L.A., Coburg.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. D. McDonald, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. A. R. Bateman; H. J. Boyd; S.  T.  Cole, J.P.; R. J. Hutchison, J.P.; E. J. Parker,  J. P.; H. O. Peterson; S. T.  Grey,  J.P.; J. McG. Gillies, J.P.; C. E. Hosken, J.P.; J. H. Morris; J. Hay.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk—W. Mitchell,  J.P.
City  Surveyor—R.  McG.  Dawson,  C.E.
Health  Officer—Dr. C. Marshall,  M.B., B.S., M.P.S.
Acting Electrical Engineer—H. J. Nankervis.

The Council meets on alternate Mondays.

This  rapidly  advancing  City  area  lies north of Melbourne, its southern boundary being about 4½ miles from the City and its northern boundary about 6¾ miles. It is well elevated and is recognised as a very healthy and well-drained district.  It  covers  the suburbs of Moreland, Coburg, Newlands, Pascoe Vale, Pascoe Vale South and Merlyn­ ston, and in some of these areas in pre-war years there was considerable building  ac­ tivity, a very good class of suburban home being erected. There is still room  for build­ ing expansion. It is served by a fast electric train service  and  a tram  service  which passes along the main Sydney road through Coburg proper. Tram and ‘bus services also connect with cities  which  lie  to  the  east. west  and south of  Coburg.

Whilst it is in the main a residential area, there has been in recent years considerable industrial activity. Production figures of fac­ tories are  not  available  as  most  of them have been employed for years on defence work, but they include 14  knitting  and hosiery mills,  10 foundries,  5 bread factories, 4 clothing factories, 2 chemical works, l box factory, I soap factory, 2 galvanised iron products factories, 1 spring works, 1 flock factory, 1 pipe works, I ice works, 2 joinery works, an agricultural implement  works and 14 miscellaneous factories.

Within the City boundaries  are  found  over 200 acres of parks and gardens, and sporting facilities are varied and adequate. The lake reserve is a well-patronised picnic resort with the lake forming a large open-air swimming pool, and there  are  swimming  and  wading pools  for  the  use  of  children.   The  City Hall is modern and artistic,  and  is  set  in  the middle of beautiful parklands and gardens. Cultural and local interests  are  cared  for  by the Coburg Horticultural Society, the  Pascoe Vale  Horticultural  Society,  the  Choral Union, a branch  of  the  National  Theatre  Movement, an Art Festival Committee and a Recreation Reserves Committee. The Pentridge Gaol is situated  in  the  City  area  on  the  Sydney road.

THE CITY  OF COLLINGWOOD.

Proclaimed a District in 1855, a Borough in 1863, a Town in 1873, and a City in   1876.

Area—1139 acres. Population—27,046. Dwellings—7309. Length of streets—150 miles. Average rainfall—28  inches. Altitude—from 100 to 200 feet.

Valuations, 1945—Improved Capital Value, £10,205,300; Nett Annual Value, £510,265.

Rate, 1945—General  rate  of   2/6d in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Electoral  Divisions—Federal: Yarra. State: L.C., Melbourne Province; Melbourne North Province.  L.A., Collingwood: Clifton Hill.

THE CITY COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr.  W. Ruthven, V.C.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. W. F. Angus, J.P.; R. L. Friend; G. I. Maxwell; F.  A.  Andrews,  J.P.; W.  A.  Jupp; W. J. Lewis; L. McCann; W. H. Reid; W. Johnstone; M. Seddon, J.P.; W.  J.  Towers, J.P.; J. Tonini; R. Roberts, J.P.;  H. F.  Dummett.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town  Clerk—G. J. Brown, J.P.
Engineer—W. E. Thompson, C.E., M.I.E.A.
City Inspector—W. C. Tassie.
Health Officer—Dr. J. E. Cockerill,  M.B., B.S.

The  Council meets on alternate Mondays.

This leading industrial suburb is  situated about 2½ miles to the north-east of Melbourne and has a frontage of five miles to the Yarra River,  which  forms  its  eastern   boundary.   It is bounded on the north by Heidelberg Road, on the  west  by  Smith  Street,  and  on  the south by  Victoria  Street.  It  is  to  be  noted that. under the name of Newtown, it  was the first local body to be incorporated in Victoria after  Melbourne  and  Geelong.  Access  is had to the City by the electric  railway  from Prince’s Bridge. which crosses the City from south to north, and by a tram along Victoria Road  in  the  south.

The area is thickly populated  and  many of the inhabitants are employed in the many factories within the City boundaries. These factories are estimated to number  about  250, and  include  tanneries.  breweries, boot and hat factories, and  many  others  producing varied products. Three bridges span the Yarra River along the City’s frontage to the same, and other bridges over the Merri Creek link the City with Northcote and Heidelberg.

Business houses are good. Educational facilities include a Technical School and six State Schools, and  there  are  39  hotels.  There is a public swimming baths. a free lending library, a baby health centre and children’s playground.  Victoria  Park.  with  all  area of 10 acres, provides facilities for  field  games, and  other   sporting   clubs   are represented. The suburb of Clifton Hill, which lies to the north of Collingwood proper and south of the Heidelberg Road, is included within the City boundaries. It  is  a  very  popular  residential and industrial area  where  there  are  a  num­ber  of  factories  and  four   hotels   and  there are several recreation grounds and playing reserves   in  this  district.

THE CITY OF ESSENDON.

Proclaimed a Borough in 1861, a Town in 1890,  and  City in 1909.

Area—4000 acres. Population—50,000. Dwellings—12.783. Length of streets—112 miles. Average rainfall—30 inches. Alti­tude—146 feet.

Valuations, 1945—Unimproved Capital Value,  £3,365,178; Improved  Capital Value. £11.453,075; Nett Annual Value, £704,752.

Rate, 1945—General rate of  6d.  in  the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Enlistments from City—approximately   3500.

Newspaper—”The Gazette,” published weekly on Thursdays.

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Maribyrnong. State: L.C., Doutta Galla Province. L.A., Essendon; Flemington.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr.  G. W. Tait, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. A. D. Mackrell; G. T. Fitzgerald; J. T.  Alexander, J.P.; H. J. Gibbs; L. T. Thomp­son, J.P.; J. B. Hunt.  J.P.; P. M. Salmon, J.P.; W. K. Park, J.P.; H. J. W. Gyles; J. W. S. Fraser; W. T. Divers,  J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk and Treasurer—L. W.  Scott.
Acting Engineer—G. F. Focken, A.M.I.E. (Aust.).
Health  Officer—Dr.  R.  H,  Hardy, M.B.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate  Mondays.

The  boundaries  of  this  suburban   area, which lies  to  the  north-west  of  and  about fives miles from Melbourne, include the dis­tricts of Aberfeldie, Ascot Vale, Glenbervie, Moonee Ponds, North Essendon and Essendon proper,  The  City  is   bounded   on   the  north by the Shire of Keilor,  on  the  west  by  the Shire of Braybrook, and on the south by  the cities  of  Footscray  and  Melbourne.  To  the east lies the City of Coburg and to the north the  Shire  of Broadmeadows.

The area is almost entirely residential in character with some market gardening being carried on. Essendon itself  is 146 feet above sea level and thus nicely elevated is an ideal residential site. It has quite  adequate  busi­ness premises, five hotels and the usual sport­ ing greens and reserves. Moonee Ponds, to­ wards the southern  boundary  of  the City, has a population  of  over  10,000,  and  is  the site of the City  Council  offices.  It  is  a  good class residential  suburb,  has  two  hotels,  a free library, an  excellent  swimming  baths, and in Queen’s Park there  is  a  lake  three acres in extent. In this area is situated the well-known Moonee Valley Rac;ecourse. As­ cot Vale, near the southern boundary  of the City, is an industrial  as  well  as  a  residen­ tial area and a number of industries are represented.   This  district  has  a   population of about 1.3,000, and within this area is Ascot Racecourse and portion of the famous Flem­ington Racecourse, and adjoining these two courses are the showgrounds of the Royal Ag1icultural Society. Aberfeldie, with a population of over 10,000, is a pleasant resi­ dential area which overlooks and has  fine views  of  the  Maribyrnong  River:  In  this area there are  extensive  parks  and  recrea­tion grounds. North Essendon  and  Glen­bervie  are  both residential  areas.

The interests of residents  engaged  in pri­mary  production  are  cared for in the City by the Essendon Horticultural Society and the Essendon and District Poultry Breeders’ Asso­ciation. Access to the various districts com­prised   within   the   City   boundaries   is  had by electric railway which runs from south to north through the City area and by trams which pass through  the  City  and  terminate in Keilor.

THE CITY OF FITZROY.

Created a Municipality in 1858  with  o:n area of 333 acres, proclaimed a  Borough  in 1863,  a  Town  in  1870, and  a  City  in 1878.

Area—923 acres. Population-29,750. Dwellings—7200. Length of streets—39  miles. Average rainfall—28   inches. Altitude—from 65 feet to 120 feet.

Valuations, 1945—Improved  Capital  Value, £9,623,080; Nett Annual Value, £481,154. Rate,  1945-General  rate  of  2/3d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Melbourne; Yarra: Batman. State: L.C., Melbourne Pro­vince; Doutta Galla Province. L.A., Colling­wood; Clifton Hill.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL, 1945-48.

Mayor—Cr. J. E. Kerr,  J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs.  J.  T. Ryan, J.P.; H. L. Peel; H. McKay; W. Donovan; C. F. Powe, J.P.;  J.  J.  Barrett, J.P.; H. D. O’Halloran; D. J. Chandler; R. G. Goldring; C. J. Wilson, J.P.;  L. Solomon;  E. G. Hart, J.P.; A. J. Matihews, J.P.; K.  Parlon, J.P.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-G. H. Honeycombe, J.P.
City Engineer-R. R. B. Bennett, J.P.
Health  Officer-Dr. J. A. Cahill, M.B.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate Mondays.

The City of Fitzroy is a residential and industrial suburb which lies to the north of Melbourne  and  is  bounded  on  the   east by the City of Collingwood and on the west and north by the  City  of  Brunswick.  Portion  of the  present  City  area  originally  constituted the Fitzroy Ward of the City  of  Melbourne itself and in 1854 the sum of £50,000 was provided and  spent  on  the  improvement  of the area by the elimination of narrow streets. Transport services through the City area are excellent,  being  provided  along  both   tram and ‘bus routes, and in addition an electric railway terminates at Fitzroy Station. While largely residential, there are nevertheless a considerable number of factories representing various secondary industries in the area and these provide employment  for  many resi­dents.

The City Council buildings are extensive. There is a free  library,  both  public  and private schools, 29 hotels and an extensive public baths. North  Fitzroy  is  a  residential area within  the  City  boundaries  in  which there are two State Schools,  a  High  School, five  Denominational  Schools  and   20 hotels. In this area are the “Duke of Edinburgh” Gardens, with an  area  of  33  acres,  where there  is  erected  a  fine  Cenotaph  in  memory of the sporting fraternity who fell  in  the 1914-18 War  and  a  memorial  to  Captain Cook. Within these Gardens is located the well-appointed Fitzroy Cricket Ground and a number of tennis courts and a large bowling green.

A feature of this City is  that  it  is sur­rounded  by  magnificent  parks  and  gardens. At the southern extremity of the City  are the very fine Fitzroy Gardens with  their  exten­sive flower beds and well-known Conserva­tory. On the east there are  the  Darling Gar­dens and on the  west  the  Carlton  Gardens, and in addition throughout the City  are a number  of  smaller  garden  areas.

THE  CITY  OF FOOTSCRAY .

Created a District in 1859, proclaimed a Borough in 1863, a Town in  1887, and  a City in 1891.

Area—4211½ acres. Population—60,034. Dwellings—13,073. Length of streets—122 miles. Average rainfall—28 inches. Alti­tude—up to 150 feet.

Valuations,  1945—Improved  Capital Value, £14,760,620;  Nett Annual Value, £738,031.

Rate, 1945—General rate of 2/3d. in the £ levied  on Nett  Annual  Value.

Newspapers—”The Advertiser,” published weekly on Fridays;  “Mail.”  published  week­ly  on  Fridays.

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Maribyrnong. State:  L.C.,  Melbourne  West   Province; Southern Province. L.A., Footscray; Wil­liamstown.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. W. H. Anderson.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. W. W. Hatfield; W. Jacka, J.P.; W. R. Smalley;  J.  W.  Bacon; A. J. M. Beaton; A. Edwards,  J.P.;  B.  G.   Mcarthur, J.P.; E. H. Hester,  J.P.;  H.  J.  McIvor; A. E. Shepherd, J.P.; A.  R.  McNab; J.  A.  McDonald, J.P.;  A T. Macdonald; C.  L.  Drew.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-J. Gent, F.I.M.A., A.F.I.A., L.I.C.A.
Assistant-E. J. Smith, A.I.I.S., A.I.C.A.
Electrical Engineer-J. A. Carmody.
Health Officer-Dr. M. H. Box, M.B., B.S.

The Council meets on alternate Mondays.

This flourishing industrial City lies to the· west of  Melbourne  on  the  western  bank  of the Maribyrnong   River. It is reached by electric railway from the Metropolis, Foots­ cray proper  being  3½ miles  and  Yarraville, at the southern extremity of  the  City, being 4¾ miles. It is bounded on the west by the Shire of Braybrook and on the south by the City of Williamstown. It is fairly densely populated, and, owing to its  unique  position in having a frontage of deep water to the Maribyrnong River, it is the site of  many large industrial concerns and manufactories. There are over 200 factories in the area, in­cluding some very substantial works such as the Colonial Sugar Refinery, the Common­ wealth  Fertilisers  and   Chemicals   Limited, the Australian Box Factory, the Barnet Glass Rubber Company, the Australian Wood Pipe Company and  many  others.  including  soap and candle works, carriage factory, ammuni­tion, maize products and implement  works, flour mills, wool stores, knitting mills, foun­ dries, tanneries and others producing miscel­laneous  products.

There is a very fine shopping centre in Nicholson Street, and a progressive Council has established a modern Civic Centre with a fine Town Hall set in the midst of  gardens and lawns. There is a Municipal Library, public welfare centres, 22 hotels, a good Technical School, three Denominational and seven   State   Schools, and a very modern under-water-lighted swimming baths.

Throughout the whole area plans for beautification have been carried into  effect  and there are many  fine  parks  and  reserves. Along the  bank  of  the  Maribyrnong River there are very beautiful parks and  gardens, and of especial note are  the  Western  Oval and the  Yarraville  Recreation Reserva. Western Oval. which caters  for  field  sports, has some of the most modern appointments in the Commonwealth, and the Yarraville Gar­dens,  which  are  situated  in  the  industrial area,  are  a  maze  of  beautiful  gardens, lawns and trees. Footscray  Park,  in  the northern  part  of  the  Municipality,   is   well laid out and kept and, from  the  same, excel­lent views may be had of Flemington Race­ course. At various points  in  the  City are erected  fine statues.

THE CITY OF HAWTHORN.

Created a Municipality in 1860, proclaimed a Town  in  1887,  and  a  City  in 1890.

Area-2400 acres. Population-39,458. Dwellings-9909. Shops and factories-538. Length of streets-78 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Altitude-up to 200 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved  Capital Value, £14,327,640; Nett Annual Value, £716,382.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/-  in  the  £ levied  on  Nett  Annual Values.

Newspaper—”The Standard,” published weekly on Wednesdays.

Electoral Divisions—Federal: Kooyong. State: L.C., East Yarra Province. L.A., Haw­thorn.

THE   CITY   COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. J. Fowler,  J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs.  H. W. Moffatt;  J. B. Pridmore,  J.P.; E. C. Rigby; L. Tyack; A. R.  Patterson; E. Ward, J.P.;  W. C. Porteous,  J.P.; E. J. Rigg; W. T. Lewis, J.P.; J. W. George, J.P.; W. R.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk and Treasurer—H. A. Smith, A.I.M.A., F.A.I.S.
City Engineer-A. J.  E.  Gourlay,  M.I.B. (Aust.).
Health  Officer-Dr.  J.  Jones,   M.D.,  B.S.. B.Sc.

The Council meets on every third Wed­nesday.

This City area is  situated  on  the  eastern bank of the Yarra River about four miles due east of Melbourne. It is principally a  residential suburb,  but  there  is  a  limited number of secondary industries of  various  classes  in the  district,  and  it   is  estimated   that before the war about 166 factories producing miscellaneous goods operated within the City boundaries.  Transport  facilities  to  the City area from the Metropolis are  excellent  as electric railways to Box Hill pass through the north of the City and another railway passes across the south of the City, and  in addition there is  a  direct  tramline  through  the  City and cross lines connecting with neighbouring districts. In this  area  many  of  the residences are of a very superior class, and public gar­dens and parks abound. There are in all  15 public gardens  and  recreation  reserves,  most of them planted  with  trees,  shrubs  and flowers. Educational institutions are outstand­ing, there being four State and two Denomina­tional Schools and private schools and  col­ leges, including the well-known  Scot’s College, reputed to be the largest in the British Empire.   The  Swinbourne  Technical College, which has an  attendance  of  over  1000 students,  is  within  the  area  and  it  is  unique in that neighbouring municipalities make an­nual  grants  towards  its upkeep.

The  City  has  a  very  imposing  Town Hall, a good business  centre  and  nine  hotels. Within its boundaries three bridges cross the Yarra River, and there  are  numerous  sporting facilities including a very modern, large swimming pool.

THE CITY OF HEIDELBERG.

Created a Trust in 1840, a District in 1860, proclaimed a Shire in 1871, and  a  City  in 1934.

Area-27,200 acres. Population-34,423, Dwellings-8091.  Length of  streets-269 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Alti­tude-300 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £9,455,080;  Nett Annual Value, £472,754.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/6d. in the £ levied  on  Nett  Annual  Values.

Newspaper-“The  News,”  published  week­ly  on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions-Federal: Batman; Deakin. State: L.C., Southern Province; Mel­bourne North Province. L.A.,  Heidelberg; Evelyn;  Clifton Hill.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor–Cr.  G. E. Fitzgerald.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. A. Nuttall; M. S. Kingsford; W. C. Elwers; Nellie  G.  Ibbott;  A.  E. Carlyle, J.P.; H. Graham; J. L. Ryan; A. K. Lines; S. Egeberg; H. T. Sparks; W. E. Clinton.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-F. Phillips, A.I.C.A.. F.C.I.V. (Aust.).
City Engineer-J. K. Longmuir, B.C.E., C.E., A.M.I.E.
Health  Officer-V. Edwards, C.R.S.I.

The Council  meets  on  alternate Tuesdays.

This  City  covers  a  somewhat  large  rural and  industrial  area  which   lies  to  the  north of Melbourne about eight miles by electric railway.  It  has  the  River  Yarra  as   its eastern  boundary,  and  the   country   is   hilly to undulating, and throughout a number of settlements within the City area dairying and fruit-growing pursuits are carried on by the residents.   Heidelberg  itself  has  a  population of about 8517 and is situated near the Yarra River.  It  is  a  pleasant  residential   suburb with all amenities including gas,  and  sport­ing opportunities include fishing in  and  boat­ ing on the river. There is a nice  park  and public  gardens.  The  beautiful  and  well­ known Heidelberg Military  Hospital  is  situ­ated  in  this  district.  The  Ivanhoe   area   of the City  has  a  population  of  nearly  14,000, and is noted for its very fine class of villa residences.   There   are   recreation    reserves and parks, swimming basin, and other neces­ sary public facilities. Fairfield district has a population of about  10,000  and  is  situated closer  to  the  Metropolis,  being  about  five miles therefrom by rail. It is a very good residential   area.

In the more rural  parts  of  the  City  area, and especially on the banks of  the  Plenty River. there are many picturesque  orchards, and in some areas gold-mining is still carried on.  Secondary  industries  within  the  City area  include   paper   mills   near  Alphington, a woollen mill and several jam and sauce factories. In a number of more elevated, residential centres within the City extensive and fine views  may be had  towards  the  east to  the  surrounding  ranges.

THE CITY  OF KEW.

Created a District in 1860, proclaimed a Borough in 1863, a Town in 1910, and a City in 1921.

Area-3522 acres. Population-33,460, Dwellings-7075. Length  of  streets-77 miles. Average  rainfall-28  inches. Altitude-up to 250 feet.

Valuations, 945-Improved Capital Value, £10,139,000; Nett Annual Value. £506,955.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/6d. in the  £ levied  on  Nett  Annual Values.

Newspaper-“The Advertiser,” published weekly.

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Kooyong. State: L.C., East Yarra Province. L.A., Kew.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. F. KWhite, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. R. M. McPhillamy, J.P.;  H. E. Brehaut, J.P.; D. S. M. Norris, J.P.; W. J. Hambly; J. T. Gazzard, J.P.; W. J. Price, B.A.; G.  F. Pedersen, J.P.; W. H. S. Dickinson; V. M. Luke;  W.  D. Vaughan, J.P.; H. F. Mogg, J.P.; K. L. Roberts; F. W. Dods; F. C. Sands. M.M., J.P.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk—W. D. Birrell, A.F.I.A.
City  Engineer—J.  F. Maughan.
Health Officer—J. J. McMahon, M.D.

Situated about four miles from Melbourne, this City is a picturesque and high-class suburban residential district. It lies to the north-east of Melbourne and has the River Yarra on its western boundary, the City of Camberwell on the east and the City of Hawthorn on  the  south.  Within  its  area many large and modern houses  and substan­tial mansions surrounded by extensive and well-kept gardens may  be  seen.  Access  is had by electric rail  from  Prince’s  Bridge  or by electric tramway which  passes  right through the City  area.  The  business centre has a nice Town  Hall,  Courthouse,  four hotels, and within  its  boundaries  are two State  Schools  and  several  colleges.  There are a number of parklands including Alexan­dra Gardens,  which  is  laid  out  in  lawns, trees and flower beds; Victoria Park with its sports grounds and Willsmere Park with its picnic grounds, and of especial note is Stud­ley Park. a magnificent  reserve  of  203 acres in extent. which lies along the  River Yarra. This park is a favourite resort  for picnic parties, and within the same are boatsheds on the river and swimming enclosures.

THE CITY  OF MALVERN.

Created  as  the  Gardner  District  in  1856, and proclaimed the Shire of Gardner in 1871. changed to the Shire of Malvern in 1878. proclaimed a  Borough  in  1901.  a  Town later in  1901, and a City in 1911.

Area-4022 acres. Population-46,500. Dwellings- 12,545. Length of streets-110 miles. Average rainfall-28 inches. Altitude-150  feet  average.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £20.781,340; Nett Annual Value,  £1.039,067.

Rate, 1945—General rate of 2/2d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Enlistments-approximately 3500.

Newspaper-“The Spectator,” published weekly on Tuesdays (free).

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Fawkner; Henly. State: L.C., Monash; Higinbotham Provinces. L.A.. Toorak; Boroondarra.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. S. E. Stevens,  J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. T. H. King; F. Alway, J.P.; D. Hyslop; J. Johnson, J.P.; R. W. Sylvester, J.P.; G. H. Kilborn, J.P.;  M. F. Gray, J.P.; R. G.  Moss; L. A. Righetti, J.P.; J. H. Snaddon; W. W. Cummins.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-A. M. Yeatman, F.I.M.A.
Engineer-B. M. Coutie, M.C.E.
Health Officer-Dr. J. S. Ormond. M.R.C.S.

The Council meets on the first and third Mondays  in  the month.

The district of Malvern, which is situated about 5¼ miles south-east of the heart of Melbourne, is one of the leading residential suburbs of the Metropolis.  The  homes  of many of Melbourne’s leading citizens are located within this City area and there  are many substantial residences surrounded by beautiful, well-kept gardens. The district is prettily situated and the contour of the land, which gives magnificent views of the Dande­nong Ranges to the north and the east, lends itself to the laying out of beautiful gardens entitling it to be called “The Garden City.” There are many public gardens and parks, Central Park  with  its fine Conservatory being a popular rendezvous,  and  there  are  tea kiosks both in this park and the Malvern Gardens.

This suburb has progressed very  rapidly, the chief factor in this progress, apart from its beautiful situation, being the travelling  facili­ties afforded by the network of electric tram­ways which  were  constructed  as the  outcome of a very progressive policy pursued by the Malvern City Council. There is a good class City  Hall,  six  hotels,  five  State  Schools  and a Technical School with a large  attendance. The City of Caulfield lies to the south and the City of St. Kilda to the east, and the electric railway from Prince’s Bridge runs through Malvern and on to Caulfield. The Malvern District Horticultural Society is an enthusiastic body, with a large membership, and stages shows   in   both   Autumn and Spring.

THE  CITY  OF MOORABBIN.

Created a District in 1862, proclaimed  a Shire in  1871, and  a City in  1934.

Area-12,320 acres. Population-24,700. Dwellings–6407. Length  of   streets-192 miles. Average  rainfall-30  inches. Altitude-an average of 50 to 100 feet.

Valuations, 19.45-Improved  Capital Value, £6,967,880;  Nett Annual Value, £348,394.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/6d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Newspaper-“The News,” published week­ly on Friday.

Electoral Divisions-Federal: Henly. State: L.C., Higinbotham Province; South-Eastern Province. L.A., Dandenong.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor—Cr. D. E. Blackshaw, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. H. V. Barnett; H. J. Besant;  N. G. Wishart, J.P.; R. W. Marriott; A.  F. Caldwell, J.P.;  C. J.  Hoffman;  H.  G.  James;  A.  C. Barr; C. A. Pascoe,  J.P.;  E. A. Le Page,  J.P.;  J. W. Allnutt.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town  Clerk-W. B.  Thomas,  F.I.A.M.A., J.P.
Engineer-P. C. Rowan, M.C., C.E.
Health Officer-Dr. W. J. Allan,  M.B., B.S.

The Council meets on the first and third Mondays  in  the month.

This City is a residential and general farm­ing area which is situated a little over 10 miles south of Melbourne.  inland  from  the Cities of Brighton and Sandringham. It has access to the Metropolis by  the  electric  rail line which runs to Frankston. A number of settlements are included within the City area, the  chief  of  the  same  being  Moorabbin  itself, which is in the centre of  a market gardening and residential district. Considerable quan­tities of  poultry  are  also raised in this area for the Metropolitan market. Secondary in­dustry   is   represented    by    a   distillery, en­gineering and food-processing works and fibrous-plaster factory. ‘Bus services give the residents easy access to Brighton Beach, which is a little over two miles away. Bent­leigh,  about  9½  miles  from  Melbourne  by rail, is  a  substantial  residential  township with a population of about 6000, where market gardening is carried on and some secondary industries conducted. Clarinda, Highet and Heathe1ton are also market gardening town­ ships within the City area, and Cheltenham, towards the south of the City, with a  popula­tion of about 5000, is a very progressive residential   township. In this area  there  are a  number  of  denominational  homes.

THE CITY OF MORDIALLOC.

Proclaimed the Borough of Mentone and Mordialloc in 1920, a Town in 192,3 and name changed to Mordialloc in same year, and proclaimed  a  City  in  1926.

Area-3351 acres. Population-12,424. Dwellings-3208. Length  of  streets-64 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Altitude-rises from shore of Port Phillip Bay to about 100 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Unimproved Capital Value, £1,190,543; Improved Capital Value, £3,165,339; Nett Annual Value, £168,020.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 4¾d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Value.

Enlistments from City-exceeding 1000.

Newspaper-“The News,” published week­ly on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Flinders. State: L.C., South-Eastern Province. L.A., Dandenong.

THE  CITY   COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor-Gr. H. C. Edwards.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. R. N. Hogg; G.  E.  White;  C.  T. Sambell;  G.  E.  H.  Woods,  J.P.;  F. Herbert, J.P.;  H.  C.  Pearce;   E.  H.  Davis,  J.P.; A. W. Dolamore,  F.C.A.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-E. C. Owbridge, F.C.I. (Eng.), F.I.I.A., F.I.M.A.
Engineer-W. Galt, C.E., A.I.M.E. (Aust.).
Health Officer-Dr. W. Grindrod, M.B.

The Council meets on the second and fourth Mondays in the month.

This  seaside resort and residential suburb of Melbourne is situated about 16½ miles by electric railway from the Metropolis on the Frankston  line. It lies to the south of the City of  Moorabbin  and  its  western  boundary is the foreshores of Port  Phillip  Bay.  Mordialloc itself has a populalion of 2660 and is situated  on  Mordialloc  Creek  at  its  entrance into  Port  Phillip  Bay  and  is  a  popular  sea­side resort with good facilities including two hotels   and   adequate    recreation    grounds. Gas, electric light  and  water  supply  are provided. Parkdale is a seaside residential settlement with a population of 4064 and all facilities and sporting opportunities including sheltered  beaches.  Mentone  has  a   popula­tion of 5700 and is  noted  for  its  beautiful bathing beach  with  cliffs  sheltered  by ti­-trees. Here there are both State and private schools, all public amenities and an enclosed seawater  baths  with  ample  public  shelters and sheds. Nearby is  the  well-known  Men­tone Racecourse, and in the surrounding area there  are  a   number   of   training   stables. Whilst the area of  the  City  generally  is mainly residential, there are within  its boundaries a few small factories, and some market gardening is carried on.

THE  CITY  OF  NORTHCOTE.

Proclaimed a Borough in 1883, a Town in 1890, and a City in 1914.

Area-2850 acres. Population-43,000. Dwellings- 11,500. Length of streets-89 miles. Average rainfall-28 inches.    Alti­tude-254 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved  Capital Value, £10,060,820;  Nett Annual Value, £503,041.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/3d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Enlistments-3000, and known Honour win­ners are-H. J. Bell,  M.M.; J. A. Coombes, M.C.; R. B. Eames, M.C.; and E. B. Thurman, M.M.

Newspaper-“The  Leader-Budget,” publish­ed weekly on Wednesdays.

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Batman. State: L.C., Melbourne North Province. L.A., Northcote; Clifton Hill.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. W. H. Turner.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. A. C. Bird, J.P.;  H. E. Ellis; J. W. French,  J.P.;  A. Gray,  J.P.;   H.  E. Matthews; A. V. Peters, J.P.; C. A. Lavars; A. E.  Causer; T. Walsh; A. W. Sheppard; W. Glanfield; L. Hales, J.P.; M. C. Jones, J.P.; W.  E.  Findlay, J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-J. A. Thomson, A.I.C.A.
Assistant  Town  Clerk-A. Boyd.
City Engineer-V. J. Bradley, C.E., A.M.I.E.
Assistant City Engineer-A. R. Hill, B.E., C.E.
Electrical  Engineer-G. H. Thomas.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate Mondays.

This City area is situated about  four  miles north of  Melbourne,  being  bounded  on  the south by ihe Cities  of  Fitzroy  and  Colling­ wood, on the west by  the  City  of  Brunswick, and  on  the   east   by  the   City   of   Heidelberg. It  has  a  number  of   factories   operating within its area including  brickworks,  tannery and leather works, boot  factory,  clothing  fac­tory, engineering works, furniture factories, timber and joinery works, die works, broom factory and others, which number somewhat over 100 in all. It is, however, becoming increasingly  known  as  a  desirable residen­tial area.

Many of the residences are of a very handsome character and the shopping centre and business premises are high-class.  The whole area is  nicely  elevated  and  from various  points  extensive  views   are   had  of the  surrounding  country.  There  are  five hotels, a High School, six State Schools and three  Denominational  Schools.  There  is  a very imposing Town Hall  and  a  well-equip­ ped public  library.  Parks  and  playgrounds and playing fields throughout the area total over 100 acres, and health statistics are very good in that the births and deaths  per  thou­ sand  of  the  mean  population  are respectively 20.79 and 10.25. Transport facilities include electric railway to the  Metropolis  and  also tram service, which runs  through  Fitzroy and on  to Preston.

THE  CITY  OF  NUNAWADING.

Proclaimed the Shire of Blackburn  and Mitcham in 1926  and  the  City  of Nunawading in  April,  1945.

Area-15½ square miles. Population-9000. Dwellings-2251.   Length of  roads and streets-101 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Altitude-from 300  to  500  feet.

Valuations,   1945-Improved Capital Value, £2,615,820; Nett Annual  Value, £130,791.

Rate, 1945-General   rate   of   2/10d. in the £  levied on Nett Annual Values.

Electoral Divisions-Federal: Deakin; Flin­ders. State: L.C., Southern Province. L.A., Nunawading; Upper  Yarra.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. N. Armstrong, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. H. R. Seeger; E. R. Webb; C. L. Willis; T. H. Craig; H. E. P. Moore; C. F. Rooks, A.C.I.A., A.A.LS.;  G.  Savage;  T.  J.  Knox; H. L. Stewart; A. R. Smith; W. B.  Heppner.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-A. Hutchings, F.I.M.A.
Engineer-F.  W.  Kerr, C.E.
Health  Inspector-R.  J. Gray.
Health Officer-Dr. S. B. Sutton,  M.B.,  B.S.

The  Council  meets  on  alternate  Mondays.

This area was formerly the Shire of Black- burn  and  Mitcham  and  was  proclaimed   a City in April, 1945. It  covers  an  area  of country which is rural and semi-suburban in character and lies to the east of Melbourne, about 10 to 12 miles by  electric  railway, through Camberwell and Box Hill. It is com­prised  of  gently  undulating  and  in  places hilly country, which besides being used for residential purposes is  also  devoted  to  fruit and  vegetable  growing,   flower  cultivation and  general  farming  in  a  small way.

There  are  several  settlements in the area of the City. The Municipal Chambers are situated at Tunstall, which is 12¼ miles from Melbourne  by  rail. It is  a small  settlement in a fruit-growing district, but there is also a pottery, a wood-turning factory and a brick­ works. The  larger  settlement   of Blackburn has  a  population  of  about  2300  and  is about 10 miles from Melbourne by rail. It is the centre of a fruit and vegetable  growing  area and the residents are well catered for with electric light, water supply and also sewer­ age. Industries are  a  brick  and  tile  works, case factory, cool stores and an equipment factory. Mitcham is well elevated,  being 500 feet above the’ sea; and has a population of about 1800. Fruit-growing is carried on, and many flowers are cultivated for the Metro­ politan market. Electricity  and  water  supply are available and there is an hotel  and adequate   educational   facilities. Vermont is a well-known flower-growing settlement, and Burwood East is the centre of a fruit and vegetable-growing district. Throughout this large City area electricity and  water  supply are available to the residents and adequate sporting facilities  are  available  at  most centres.

THE  CITY  OF OAKLEIGH.

Proclaimed a Borough in 1891, a Town in 1924, and a City in 1927.

Area-2658 acres. Population-14,000. Dwellings-3600. Length of streets-62 miles. Average rainfall-28 inches. Altitude- 100 feet to 250 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Unimproved Capital Value, £970,152; Improved Capital Value, £3,091,880; Nett Annual Value, £183,665.

Rate, 1945-General raie of 6-.j-d. in the £ levied  on  Unimproved  Capital  Values.

Newspaper “The Times,” published week­ ly on Thursday.

Electoral  Divisions-Federal:  Henty. State: L.C.,  Higinbotham Province. L.A., Oakleigh.

THE CITY  COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. L. R. Ford.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. W.  G.  Cole,  LL.B.;  H.  G.  Johnson, J.P.; F. Irvine; N. J. Timmings; E. F. Cook, J.P.; J. V. Hughes;  J. C.  Phillips; E. A. Watkin.

COUNCIL  OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-J. A. Price.
Engineer- J. H. Varcoe, C.E., A.M.I.E. (Aust.).
Heaith Officer-Dr. V. C. Brown, M.B.

The Council meets on the first and third Mondays  in  the month.

The City of Oakleigh is situated about 9½ miles to the south-east of Melbourne and is reached by  electric  railway  train.  It lies  to the east of the City of Caulfield  and  to  the north of the City of Moorabbin. It  is,  in the main, a rural-suburban district  which  is used for residential purposes, and every effort has been made to  make  it  attractive.  The streets are well laid out and planted with  trees,  and gas, water and  electric  light  are  available. There are several parks and  recreation  re­ serves, and sporting  facilities  are  provided for all field sports. There are  two picture theatres  and  three  hotels.  Two  golf  clubs have their courses within the City area. In­dustry is represented by a  large  brick  and tile  works.  Within  the  City  boundaries   are the progressive suburbs  of Hughesdale  and East  Oakleigh.

THE CITY  OF  PORT MELBOURNE.

Proclaimed Sandrindge Borough in 1860, name changed in 1884 to Port Melbourne, proclaimed a Town in 1893, and  a  City  in 1919.

Area-2366 acres. Population- 12,800. Dwellings-3500. Length of streets-30 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Altitude-sea level on shores of Hobson’s Bay.

Valuation, 1945-Improved Capital Value,£5,836,360; Nett Annual Value, £291,818.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/6d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Newspaper – “The Record,” published weekly on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Melbourne Ports. State: L.C., Melbourne Province; Mel­ bourne West Province. L.A., Port Melbourne.

THE  CITY  COUNCIL,  1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. M. T. Woodruff, J.P.

 

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. J. P. Crichton, J.P.; H. C. Edwards; T. Griffin, J.P.; J. Bertie; G. A. Rogers, J.P.; J. W. Woodruff; W. Howe, J,P.; M. Fennell, J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-S. S. Anderson.
City Engineer and Building Surveyor-F. C. Cook.
Health Officer-Dr. H. Grover, M.B.

The Council meets on alternate Tuesdays.

This important City is situated about two miles from Melbourne on the shores of Hob­son’s Bay and is known as “The Gateway to Melbourne.” Whilst partly residential, it is an important and busy port and contains many secondary industries-a biscuit factory, a distillery, chemical works, treacle refinery, gas works, rice and meal mills, a number of engineering shops, soap and candle works, motor assembling works and aircraft works. At the Port itself there are three piers-Town, Station and Prince’s Piers-where all over­seas liners and cargo ships calling at Mel­bourne berth and discharge. Whilst the Port lacks the natural advantages which are found at Sydney and Hobart, the piers have been so well equipped and the improvements have been such that all ships find adequate accommodation.

Residents within the City are very largely dependent on shipping and related industries and occupations. The residential streets are well laid out with good footpaths, and while business premises are adequate for local and immediate need . most of the residents look to Melbourne itself for their shopping requirements. There are 22 hotels within the City and a Town Hall with a free lending library.

THE CITY OF PRAHRAN.

Created a Municipality in 1855, proclaimed a Borough in 1863, a Town in 1870, and a City in 1879.
Area-2.320 acres. Population- 60,000. Dwellings- 14,783. Length of steets-71 miles. Average rainfall-24 inches. Alti­tude-50 to 100 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £21,422,200; Nett Annual Value, £1,428,147.

Rate, 1945-General rate of l/8d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Enlistments from City-about 4000.

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Fawkner. State: L.C., Monash Province. L.A., Prahran; Toorak.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor–Cr. A. W. Cole, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. W. M. Flintoft, J.P.; F. Harvey, J.P.; H. Landen; G. E. Furnell; A. H. Woodful, LL.M.;
M. Smith, J.P.; E. P. McMaster, J.P.; R. B. Hamilton, A.R.I.B.A. (Lond.); N. M. Macfarlan, J.P.; W. M. Mcilwrick; T. A. Thomas

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk and Treasurer-J. Romanis.
City Engineer and Building Surveyor-A. E. Causland, C.E. (on Active Service).
Consulting Engineer-G. T. Little, C.E.M.C.
Assistant Town Clerk-W. J. Ward, A.I.C.A.
Assistant City Surveyor-J. R. Muntz.
Accountant-H. T. Jones.
Rate Collector-G. A. Edwards.
City Valuer-J. W. Stenson.
Health Officer-Dr. J. P. Major.
City Inspector (on Active Service)-R. A. Rogers.
Health Inspectress-Sister E. Chester.
Pre-Maternity Clinic-Dr. Mary Herring.
Acting Librarian-F. H. Ingamells.
Hallkeeper-A. H. Brudenell.

The Council meets on alternate Mondays.
The City of Prahran, which is largely residential, is situated about three miles south­ east of Melbourne and has access by electric train and tram. There are a number of factories, the principal of which are electricai appliances manufacture, sofi drinks, jam making, timber mills, furniture manufacture, shop-front fitters, cigarette manufactures, and dry cleaners; the factories numbering about 350 in all.

Health statistics of the City are good, births greatly exceeding deaths, and infectious dis­eases, notably scarlet fever, are consistently on the decline. The Prahran Health Centre controls a Tuberculosis Bureau (X-Ray Ser­vice, Infant Welfare, Child Welfare and Pre­ maternity Clinic Departments). During the war the Prahran Patriotic Society and Red Cross Society have done magnificent work, and both the citizens of the City and the Council have invested substantially in War Loans.

Under the control of the Council are 80 acres of parks and gardens, six cricket pitches, six equipped playgrounds, and six tennis courts. A Municipal Public Library with a Junior Readers Section is maintained and kept as up-lo-date as possible.

The business streets are wood paved and asphalted and lined •with modern and large shops and business premises. There is a High School, a Technical Arts School, a Domestic Arts School, six State Schools and
29 hotels. Within the boundaries of the City are included the suburbs of Armadale, Hawksburn, South Yarra, Toorak and Wind­sor, all of them residential in character and in some, especially foorak, may be seen many large palatial homes.

THE CITY OF PRESTON.

Created Jika Shire in 1871, name changed to Preston in 1885, proclaimed a Borough in 1922, a Town in 1922, and a City in 1926.
Area-8800 acres. Population-38,991. Dwellings- 10,122. Length of streets-156 miles. Average rainfall-26 inches. Altitude-200 to 300 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £9,165,200; Nett Annual Value, £458,260.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/6d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Newspaper-“The Post,” published weekly on Wednesdays.

Electoral Divisions – Federal: Batman. State: L.C., Melbourne North Province. L.A., Heidelberg.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. T. W. Blake, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. T. W. Andrews, J.P.; C. T. Barling, J.P.; R. Coleman; H. L. T. Oulton, J.P.; W. H. Robinson, J.P.; G. L. Hatfield, J.P.; H. Swain; J. E. Moore, J.P ; J. Croft, J.P.; A. G. Davis, J.P.; J. S. Grey, J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-J. C. Donath.
Acting City Engineer-J. A. Aberneathy.
Health Officer-Dr. W. H. Steele, M.B., B.S.

The Council meets fortnightly on Mondays.
This City comprises a residential and industrial area about St miles north of Mel­bourne. It is immediately north of the City of Northcote and communications with the Metropolis are by electric railway and elec­tric tram.

The area in recent years has continued to show great progress and development, and in and around Preston pig-raising, as an in­dustry, is being extensively carried on, and as the result four ham and bacon-curing works carry on in Preston itself. There are also six tanneries, a wool-scouring works, a brick­ works, a soap works and a pottery. Poultry farming is carried on, and a considerable quantity of flowers are grown for the Metro­ politan market. There are four State Schools, a Technical School, a Girls’ High School and five hotels. Public gardens and sporting re­ serves are adequate. There are fine public baths and five picture theatres. On the out­ skirts of the City is the well-known Lunatic Asylum of “Mont Park.”

THE CITY OF RICHMOND.

Created a Municipality in 1855, proclaimed a Town in 1872, and a City in 1882.

Area-1430 acres. Population-39,000. Dwellings- 10,000. Length of streets-52 miles. Average rainfall-26 inches. Altitude-90 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £12,120,740; Nett Annual Value, £606,037.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/6d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Newspaper- “Richmond Chronicle,” pub­lished weekly on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions-Federal: Yarra. State: L.C., Melbourne Province. L.A., Richmond.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. D. Murphy, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. W. Williams, J.P.; P. J. Carroll, J.P.; E. P. Boland, J.P.; B. A. Longfield, J.P., F.S.P.A., F.F.C.A., F.C.I. (Eng.), F.R.Econ.S. (Lond.); R. H. Lightfoot; R. S. F. Jackson, J.P.; J. L. Cremean, J.P.; M. P. Sheehy, J.P.; M. D. Kennedy, J.P.; A. E. Huckerby, J.P.; W. F. Ryan; P. Cooper; P. V. O’Connell; J. A. Loughnan, J.P.
COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-F. L. Hallett, J.P., F.I.M.A.
Assistant Town Clerk-T. J. Thorp.
Treasurer and Accountant-W. J. V. McCarthy, A.C.A. (Aust.).
City Engineer-C. V. Vaughan.
Valuer and Rate Col!ector-H. F. Matthews, M.V.I.
Building Surveyor-P. F. Donnelly.
Supt., City Abattoirs-1. M. Winzer.
Health Inspector-A. M. Carroll.
Health Officer-Dr. P. L. Grogan.
Curator, Gardens & Reserves-P. J. Casey.

The Council meets on alternate Mondays.

This progressive suburban residential and industrial City is situated about three miles south-east of Melbourne, east and north of the River Yarra, which after running due south bends to the west near Richmond Park. It is connected with the Metropolis by three concrete roads-Swan Street, Bridge Road and Victoria Street-and served by fast elec­tric train and iram services. One railway line passes through West and North Rich­mond and then on to the north, whilst another line, which runs through Richmond itself, branches there and the station is a junction for the Brighton, Healesville, Warburton, Gippsland, Franksion, Mornington and Stoney Point lines. Six bridges span the River Yarra within the City area, in addition to two rail­ way bridges.

Many secondary industries of substantial size are located within the City, including tan­ neries, breweries, granaries, one piano fac­ tory, two match factories, and booi, soap, candle, food processing, jam and sauce fac­ tories, foundries and engineering works. In addition there are bluestone quarries which belong to the City Council. There are about 350 factories in all in the district.

Residents are well catered for wiih every amenity and recreaiion facility. There are a number of fine parks and gardens including the City Reserve (eight acres), Barkby Reserve (six acres), Horticultural Gardens (36 acres) and Richmond Park of 156 acres, the latter park lying in the bend of the River Yarra at the south-east corner of the City. In addition lawns and rockeries have been formed at different places on the river bank. There are six different children’s playgrounds and three baby health centres.

The Town Hall is a handsome edifice with a tower 130 feet high and an electric clock in the iurret. The business and shopping centre is adequate, with good shopping houses and government and trading banks being fully represented. There are 40 hotels, five picture theatres and free and lending libraries. The State Electricity Commission’s headquarters are situated in Harcourt Parade and Green Street. A free dispensary is pro­vided and the Municipal Swimming Baths have a roofed swimming basin 150ft. by 80ft. in which the water is heated in the winter. In the baths grounds is the Municipal Gym­nasium which covers 82ft. by 25ft. A feature of the City is its handsome churches, which include St. Ignatius’ Roman Catholic Church. which has a spire of 217 feet. and educa­tional establishments include five State Schools, a very modern Technical High School, five Free Kindergatens and 20 Private Schools.

THE CITY OF SANDRINGHAM.

Proclaimed a Borough in 1917, a Town in 1919. and a City in 1923.

Area-3740 acres. Population-25.000. Dwellings-6028. Length of streets-100 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Altitude-on shores of Port Phillip Bay.

Vaiuations, 1945 – Unimproved Capital Value, £2,.345,358; Improved Capital Value, £7,283,220; Nett Annual Value, £364,161.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 5d. in the £ levied on Unimproved Capital Values.

Newspaper-“The News,” published week­ly on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions-Federal: Henty. State: L.C., South-Eastern Province; Higinbotham Province. L.A., Brighton; Dandenong.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Gr. W. McKay, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Cr. R. J. Sillitoe, J.P.; W. R. D. Mould; G. A. Brown, J.P.; W. L. Simpson, J.P.; F. L. Yott, J.P.; T. M. Grant; H. Wilkinson; C. H. Innes.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-F. G. Tricks, J.P.
Engineer-N. G. Roeszler, C.E.
Health Officer-Dr. T. G. Leary, M.D.

The Council meets on the second Tuesday in the month.

This seaside resort and residential City is situated on the eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay, south of the City of Brighion. It is about lit miles from Melbourne, access being had by rail through Brigllton. In addition, 11¼ miles inland from the shore, the Frankston railway line passes near the City boundaries.

Sandringham itself is a pleasant residential area with an adequate shopping centre, two hotels, and all amenities such as gas, elec­tric light, water and sewerage. Roads and footpaths are well made and planted with tree,. and there are splendid bathing beaches with nice parks and recreation reserves. Ex­cellent fishing may be had along the beach
front.

Other watering settlements within the City area include Beaumaris further south, Black Rock and Hampton. Each of these places is well provided with amenities and sporting opportunities, including fishing, boating and yachting.

THE CITY OF SOUTH MELBOURNE.

Proclaimed Emerald Hill Borough in 1855, a Town in 1872 and a City in 1883. Name changed to South Melbourne in 1883.

Area-2303 acres. Population-44,230. Dwellings-9745. Length of streets-83 miles. Average rainfall-28 inches. Altitude-from sea level on the shores of Rob­son’s Bay rising up to 100 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £17,980,900; Nett Annual Value, £899,045.

Rate. 1945-Generai rate of 2/6d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Enlistments- 3322 in all Services.

Honour Winners-Dvr. C. Aroney, B.E.M.; Sgt. Alfred H. Prout, B.E.M.; Leading Sick Berth Attendant Douglas E. Shelley, B.E.M.; F/O. J. P. Maguire, D.F.C.; S/Ldr. Ian McRitchie, D.F.C.; S/Ldr. Ian F. Tamagno, D.F.C. and Bar; F/Lt. Peter Isaacson, D.F.C. and D.F.M.; P/O. John W. D. Robin, D.F.M.; Commander H. J. Buchanan, D.S.O.; Col. Henry Wells. D.S.O.; Lieut. John Don, M.B.E.; F/Lieut. Henry K. Relf, M.B.E.; Bdr. E. J. Courtney, M.M.; Sgt. J. W. Coy, M.M.; Sp. Jack Dodd, M.M.; L/Sgt. C. Gilbert, M.M.; Sgt. Fred J. McCormack, M.M.; Sec. Lieut. J. L. Mackinnon, M.C.; Lieut. Col. T. P. Cook, O.B.E. Mentioned in Despatches: W.O. E. G. Connor, L/Sgt. George E. Baxter. Commend­ ed for Bravery: L.A.C. George Marven.

Newspaper – “The Record.” published weekly on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions-Federal: Melbourne Ports. State: L.C., Melbourne West Province. L.A., Albert Park; Port Melbourne.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Gr. W. E. Wells, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. G. R. Holland, J.P.; P. K. Sutton, J.P.; J. A. Jamieson; I. J. Curtain, J.P.; R. Nuzum, F.C.A. (Aust.); V. A. Hicks, J.P.; B. A. White W. A. Wright, J.P.; V. S. Meyers; J. P. Barry; J. H. McCann; D. Duncan, J.P.; H. T. Chap­man, J.P.; H. A. Layfield. J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk-H. Alexander.
City Engineer-R. A. Hiscock, A.M.I.E.
Assistant Town Clerk-R. E. Darling.
Rate Collector and Valuer-E. K. Lane.
Receiver and Paymaster-I. J. Cox.
City Inspector-C. R. Anderson.
Abattoirs Supt.-W. J. Travaskis.
Depot Engineer-J. W. Anderson.
Housing Inspector-K. Ussher.
Librarian-A. E. McMicken.
Assistant Engineer-E. McGrath.

The Council meets on alternate Wednes­days.

The City of South Melbourne, though well served by electric trains and trams, is within easy walking distance of Melbourne and in­cludes the Albert Park and Middle Park dis­tricts. It is separated from the City of Melbourne by the River Yarra on the north, and bounded on the east by the Cities of Mel­bourne and Prahran, on the south by the City of St. Kilda, and on the west by Robson’s Bay and the City of Port Melbourne.

The City stretches for a mile and half along the foreshores of the Bay and thus provides recreation in summer months for the citizen and visitors. Albert Park (600 acres) is within the area and, together with its lake of 113 acres, makes a playground for Mel­bourne and caters for boating, rowing, yacht­ing, cricket, football, hockey, golf, tennis and athletics, and includes the South Melbourne Cricket Ground. The well- known Albert Cricket Ground is also within the City area.

Seven State Schools, including the Mac­ Robertson Girls’ High School, the South Mel­bourne Technical School and the J. H. Boyd College of Domestic Economy and a number of denominational schools cater for education of the City’s children, and there are nineteen Churches within its boundaries. Six Kinder­ gartens are provided for the younger chil­dren. The City Council’s Social Services in• elude a public lending library (12,000 volumes) and a junior library (3000 volumes), three infant welfare centres, a chest X-Ray Centre and a Child Hygiene Centre. Gene• rally the City is very healthy-vital statistics for the year ended 31/12/1944 are: births, 785; deaths, 474.

The northern end of the City is an im­portant industrial centre, its 442 factories of all classes of secondary industry employ about 20,000 persons. the annual wages bill being £5,300,000 and the value of the total output £21.500,000.

The City Town Hall is a handsome struc­ture which cost £5,000 to erect. Business premises are modern and busy and there are 37 hotels in the City area.

THE CITY OF ST. KILDA.

Created a District in 1855, proclaimed a Borough in 1863. and a City in 1890.

Area-2049 acres. Population-55,000. Dwellings-14,207. Length of streets-63 miles. Average rainfall-30 inches. Altitude-Sea level.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £25,429,520; Nett Annual Value, £1.271.476.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 1/lOd. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Electoral Divisions — Federal: Balaclava. State: L.C., Monash Province; Melbourne West Province. L.A., St. Ki!da; Albert Park; Caul­ field; Prahran; Toorak.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. B. Gray, J.P.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. J. T. Berkley, J.P.; F. L. Dawkins, J.P.; D. A. McL. Kibble, LL.B.; A E. Allen; W. O. J. Phillips; H. Moroney, J.P.; A. E. Watson, J.P.; A. J. Stevens, J.P.; G. E. Cavanagh; G. W. Minty, J.P.; E. C. Mitiy, J.P.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk and City Engineer-W. H. Greaves.
Consulting Engineer-G. T. Little, C.E., M.I.C.E.
Assistant Town Clerk-A. Kelly.
Building Surveyor and Asst. City Engineer-B. S. W. Gilbertson.
Chief Clerk-V. Watkins.
Engineering Assistant-M. 0. Moran, C.E., A.M.I.E.
Valuer-S. L. Rouvray.
Rate Collector and Receiver-E. C. Pick.
Health Officer-Dr. S. H. Allen, F.R.A.C.S.
Health Inspector-G. T. West.

The Council meets on alternate Mondays.

This Municipality comprises the suburbs of St. Kilda, Elwood, Balaclava and Ripponlea, and is situated on the eastern shore of Hob­son’s Bay, about 3½ to 4 miles from Mel­bourne. It is served by fast electric railway from Flinders Street Station or by tram through South Melbourne or along the famous St. Kilda Road. This lovely triple-avenued boulevarde from Melbourne is lined by mag­nificent trees and gardens. and passes The Shrine of Remembrance.

A famous tourist resort, as well as being a densely populated seaside suburb, St. Kilda offers everything to the joy-maker and has been termed the “Coney Island” of Australia. It is the playground, both day and night, of Melbourne’s citizens and visitors. It is equipped with all modern con­veniences, provides both open sea bathing and enclosed hot and cold sea-water baths. The pier into the Bay is 800 yards in length with two extensions thereto oi 320 feet and
200 feet. A good breakwater makes the bay ideal for boating and yachting. The Luna Park Amusement Palais, ice skating and dancing resorts, as well as its picture theatres on the foreshores, provide fun and amusement for all. The esplanades along the shore are nearly a mile in length and are planted with lawns, gardens and trees.

Within the City area are four Post Offices and Money Order Offices, branches of most Banks, a Police Court, three State Schools, an enclosed cricket ground, three bowling greens, numerous tennis courts, both private and public, 23 Churches, and 2.3 hotels, both private and residential.

This City on the Bay-side, with its mag­ nificent approach and its well-equipped beaches and promenades, provides one of the reasons why Melbourne has become known as the metropolis of unrivalled loveliness.

THE CITY OF WILLIAMSTOWN.

Created a Borough in 1856, proclaimed a Town in 1886, and a City in 1919.
Area-3375 acres. Population- 26.441. Dwellings-6249. Length of streets- 72 miles. Average rainfall-29 inches. Altitude-from shores of Robson’s Bay rising to 150 feet.

Valuations, 1945-Improved Capital Value, £6,519,320; Nett Annual Value, £325,966.

Rate, 1945-General rate of 2/3d. in the £ levied on Nett Annual Values.

Newspaper-“The Advertiser,” published weekly on Fridays.

Electoral Divisions — Federal: Melbourne Ports; Corio. Siate: L.C., Melbourne West Province; Southern Province. L.A., Williams­ town.

THE CITY COUNCIL, 1945-46.

Mayor-Cr. W. G. Gray.

COUNCILLORS.

Crs. Dr. R. J. Long; E. P. Jones; G. J. Digman, J.P.; W. McDonald, J.P.; J. T. Gray, M.C., B.C.E.; G. A. Paine; A. J. Deacon, J.P.; H. Armstrong; R. A. E. Ducrow, J.P.; E. W. Jackson, J.P.; W. L. Floyd.

COUNCIL OFFICERS.

Town Clerk and Treasurer-J. Hocking, F.I.M.A., J.P.
Assistant Town Clerk-J. G. Edward, A.I.M.A.
Engineer-H. Rose, C.E.
Collector and Valuer-L. G. Williams.
Health Officer (acting)–D. ]) Coutts, D.S.O., M.B., B.S.
City Inspector-T. V. Phillips.
Asst. Inspector and Ranger-K. Bullard.
Electrical Engineer – A. N. Hodgson, A.W.M.C.
Asst. Electrical Engineer- G. C. Chamber­lain.
Chief Clerk (Elect. Supply)-J. J. Gubbins, A.F.I.A.
Infant Welfare Centre-Sisters M. Rawolle, H. McKellar, V. Outen

The Council meets on alternate Tuesdays.

This seaside City occupies the Gellibrand Peninsula on the south-west shore of Rob­ son’s Bay, near the mouth of the River Yarra, and on the opposite side of the river to Port Melbourne. It is 9! miles from Melbourne by the eleciric rail which circles to the north along the river and through the City of Foots­ cray, but it is only 4f miles in a direct line. It was named in 1837 by Sir Richard Bourke, then Governor of New South Wales, in honour of King William IV of England.

It is an important shipping centre, and some manufacturing is carried on, there being about 80 factories within the City area. For shipping there are provided seven com­ modious piers at which the largest ships can be berthed. There are patent slips and ship­ building yards and the Alfred Graving Dock, which was opened in 1874. It admits vessels of 500 feet, and, after having been conirolled by the Melbourne Harbour Trust for some time, was again taken over by the Common­wealth Government in 1942. Industries in­clude extensive implement works, glass works, flour mills, oil refineries and storages, export canning works, fuse and felt factories and ammonia works.

The City is, however, a delightful residen­tial area where much effort has been expend­ed in providing amenities for citizens. There is a High School. a Domestic Arts School. and four State Schools, a number of libraries including a free library, 14 hotels and a fine Town Hall. There is a beautiful Botanical Gardens laid out with trees, shrubs, flowers and lawns surrounding an artificial lake. Back Beach is well known as a holiday re­ sort, having a modern dressing pavilion, and its sandy beach is protected by a shark­ proof net. The Centenary Park opposite the beach is popular for picnics in the summer season and is equipped with all games and devises for the amusement of children. Other field sports including tennis and bowls are adequately catered for.

The Government Railway Workshops of three acres in extent, equipped with the latest machinery, employ over 4500 em­ployess and are situated at Newport. A regular steam ferry crossing the Yarra pro­vides quick access to Melbourne. Good fish­ing may be had in the Bay and the City is the centre at which is stationed the Robson’s Bay and Royal Yacht Clubs, Williamstown Punt Club and the Victoria Motor Yacht Club.