physics and mathematics at the University of Pretoria (B.Sc., 1923)

M.Sc. (1925) from Rhodes University, Grahamstown

Ph.D. (1931) in experimental psychology at the University of Cambridge (Trinity College)

D.Phil. (1929) at the University of Marburg, Germany


1947 a member of the Social Science Research Committee (Council after 1953, Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia after 1971), he served as its secretary in 1947, as chairman of the research committee in 1953-54, and as a member of its national advisory committee for UNESCO.

Foundation member of the councils of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies (1964) and the Australian Institute for Urban Studies (1967).

Fellow of the British Psychological Society, he chaired (1955-56) its Australian branch and was elected an honorary fellow of the Australian Psychological Society.

1946 foundation chair of psychology at the University of Melbourne