AB Econ (Miami), MA Econ (Hawaii), Cert. Pop. Studies (Hawaii, EWC), PhD (ANU)



Demography
2020

I began a career in demography in villages and archives of Fiji and Indonesia exploring issues of population growth using the tools of anthropology, economics, sociology, surveys and history. Working collaboratively with Valerie Hull, we developed an eclectic range of social research tools that we documented in texts using terms such as “Combined Research Methods”, “Microdemography”, or “Mixed Methods”. Because we had both followed liberal arts paths in undergraduate schools in the USA, we thought of our work as simply applied social science.

Through the 1970s our dissertations and publications confronted some of the key questions of demography during a time when “population explosion” and “population control” were at the top of research agendas. While Val addressed the status of women shaping decision-making in family formation, I investigated the economic value of children in Javanese villages, discovering that the rapid rise of schooling was encouraging parents to choose smaller, more affordable families. Our academic life was seasoned with community activities and in 1972 we were present at the establishment of the Canberra Family Planning Association (later renamed Sexual Health and Family Planning ACT) . Over the years we both served on the Council of FPA and I served as President of the organization in 2006-2008.

Following the award of our ANU PhDs in 1975 we spent the rest of the decade on secondment working with ANU-trained anthropologist Masri Singarimbun in Yogyakarta establishing the Gadjah Mada University Population Institute. In 1979 we returned to Canberra. Val eventually joined the Australian Aid Program to work on program management and policy development but I stayed with the ANU undertaking population research and training in several posts and departments, eventually retiring in 2012. Since then I have maintained an active program of research and mentoring as an Emeritus Professor.


ANU Demography has always been an interdisciplinary environment with a multicultural group of researchers. In 1980 working with Jack Caldwell, Peter McDonald and Gavin Jones I designed the International Population Dynamics Program (IPDP) to offer training in research methods in Asia. As the Coordinator I initially managed projects supported by the UN Population Fund and the Australian Aid Program across a range of Indonesian universities and research institutes. By the mid-1980s donors picked up the IPDP activities as a proof of concept and we developed projects in China, Vietnam, the Philippines and Cambodia. In each place the strategy was similar: second demography graduates to host institutions; recruit Masters and PhD students; facilitate institutional development; foster research publications; and ensure academic excellence in both university and government settings. Cohorts of trainees went on to develop their own national research institutions, and in the process the ANU and Australia spread networks of collaboration across the region. IPDP and the Ford Foundation funded Child Survival Program ensure a steady international exchange of staff over the next two decades, including my own term of residence in the University of Indonesia’s Health Research Centre.

The international networks were a springboard to a variety of leadership roles for Australian demographic researchers. The Australian Population Association is the peak organization for population researchers, and I served on Council for many terms, and was President from 2004-2006. Realizing the need for a broader regional disciplinary organization, Canberra team of myself, Jalal Abbasi Shavazi, Peter McDonald and Gavin Jones were influential in setting up the Asian Population Association, a second APA. As well as being on the Establishment Committee that designed the constitution, I was elected Vice President and President and served on the Scientific Committee for four conferences. In the two decades since 2001, I have been on the International Advisory Committee and Scientific Committee of ten biennial Asia and Pacific Conferences on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights. I joined the Board of the Dhaka-based International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research (ICDDR-B) in 2001, and was elected as Chair from 2005-2006. It has been a matter of great pride to represent Australia in these regional organizations. In each setting I gained disproportionately from the exchange as I learned from people with deep medical, cultural, and personal knowledge in some of the most challenging social issues of the day.

Networks opened doors to influence national and international institutions. The UN Population Division drew on my experiences in Indonesia and China in making their biennial estimates of fertility levels and trends. The WHO appointed me to a committee to develop sexual health programs and funded my research on vaginal practices in Asia and Africa. Working with the World Association of Sexuality, I published on the health consequences of genital cutting and contributed a chapter to their encyclopaedia of sexuality titled “Sexual Pleasure and Wellbeing”.

The statistical agencies of Indonesia and China used my demographic research in validating and improving census and survey methods. Across Asia national family planning programs and health departments took on board my critical reviews on issues of voluntarism, safe abortion practices, and reinvigoration of contraceptive promotion in good and bad economic times. At the turn of the century, as research was showing rapid fertility declines in Indonesia, it was important to encourage governments to place human rights at the top of a family planning agenda and women’s rights as a principle of staffing and managing official programs.

The annus horribilis of 2020 has brought forth many social challenges, but one that has received little attention is the impact of the pandemic on the decennial census round. My current analytical agenda includes an evaluation of the potential miscount of population numbers in Indonesia and America and the fraught standing of race and ethnicity in those multicultural societies. Travel restrictions prevent first hand field work, but our digital world and a lifetime of networking opens many doors for research.


Emeritus Professor, School of Demography, CASS, Australian National University.

Previous Appointments

April 2002 – July 2012. Professor of Demography, Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute (Before 2007 called the Demography and Sociology Program, Research School of Social Sciences), The Australian National University

July 2002 – July 2012. Adjunct Professor, J.C. Caldwell Professor of Population, Health and Development, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health

October, 2001 – April, 2002. Senior Fellow, Demography and Sociology Program, RSSS, ANU. (Reclassification of appointment).

January 1, 2001 – December 31, 2002 Associate Director, Research School of Social Sciences

January 1, 1998 – October, 2001. Senior Lecturer, Demography Program, ANU

August 1, 1996 – August 1, 1998, Convenor, Graduate Program in Demography, Graduate School, The Australian National University.

October 1, 1992 – December 31 1997. Fellow, Demography Program Research School of Social Science, The Australian National University. (On Leave without pay to the University of Indonesia, July 1, 1993-June 30, 1995 and on secondment, July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1996. Returned to Canberra July 1, 1996).

July 1, 1993 - June 30, 1996. Visiting Lecturer, Health Research Centre and Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia. Visiting lecturer, Women’s Studies Program, University of Indonesia.

July 1, 1987 - Sept. 30, 1992. Senior Research Fellow, Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific Studies, ANU. (Post retitled to Fellow, 1992)

June 1980- June 30, 1987: Senior Research Fellow and Coordinator, International Population Dynamics Program, Department of Demography, ANU

November 1979- June 1980:  Research Fellow, Department of Demography, ANU

July 1977 -- April, 1979: Research Fellow, Department of Demography, ANU, on secondment as Research Associate, Population Institute, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Visiting Lecturer at the Faculties of Economics, Geography and Arts, Gadjah Mada University (1975-79).

May 1975 -- June, 1977: Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Demography, ANU, on secondment as Research Associate, Population Institute, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Professional Societies:

      Asian Population Association

            (Council, 2008-10; Vice President, 2011-13, President, 2014-16)

            (Establishment Committee, 2007-08)

      Australian Population Association

            (Committee, Canberra Branch, 1986-89)

            (President, 2004 - 2006)

      Population Association of America

      International Union for the Scientific Study of Population

      Asian Studies Association of Australia

      Public Health Association of Australia

            (Committee, Canberra Branch, 1986-1988)

            (Convenor, Special Interest Group for International Health, 1987-8)

Community Organisations:

      Sexual Health and Family Planning ACT

            (President 2006—2008)

            (Council Member 2002 -- 2013)

      Reproductive Health Services ACT

            (Board Member 2002 -- 2008 )

      Australian Reproductive Health Alliance.

            (Council Member, 2002 -- 2005)

      Family Planning Association, ACT (later renamed Sexual Health and Family Planning, ACT)

            (Council member, 1989 – 1993)

            (Ethics committee Working Group 1992)

      Nusatenggara Association (member)

      Diabetes Association of the ACT (member)

      Amnesty International (member)


1.   Hull, T & Hosseini-Chavoshi, M 2018, 'Reproductive Health and Maternal Mortality', in Zhongwei Zhao and Adrian C Hayes (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography, Routledge, London, pp. 131-150.

2.   Hull, T 2017, 'From Concubines to Prostitutes: A Partial History of Trade in Sexual Services in Indonesia', Moussons, vol. 29, no. 29, pp. 65-93pp.

3.   Terence H. Hull. 2016. Indonesia’s Fertility Levels, Trends and Determinants: Dilemmas of Analysis. Chapter 8, pp. 133-151 in Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Gavin W. Jones, eds. Contemporary Demographic Transformations in China, India and Indonesia. New York: Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-319-24781-6 ISBN 978-3-319-24783-0 (eBook).

4. Peter Heywood and Terence H. Hull. 2013. “Dealing with Difficult Diseases: renovating primary health care to deal with chronic conditions in Indonesia.” Pp. 216-229. In Milton J. Lewis and Kerrie L. MacPherson, Health Transitions and the Double Disease Burden in Asia and the Pacific: Histories of responses to non-communicable and communicable diseases. London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group. ISBN: 978-0-415-575430-0.

5. Terence Hull, Adriane Martin Hilber, Matthew F. Chersich, Brigitte Bagnol, Aree Prohmmo, Jennifer A. Smit, Ninuk Widyantoro, Iwu Dwisetyani Utomo, Isabelle François, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Marleen Temmerman, on behalf of the WHO GSVP Study Group. 2011. Prevalence, motivations and adverse effects of vaginal practices in Africa and Asia: findings of a multi-country household survey. Journal of Women's Health, 20(7): 1097-1109.

 6. Terence H. Hull. 2011. Statistical indices of marriage patterns in Insular Southeast Asia. Pp13-28 in Gavin W. Jones, Terence H. Hull and Maznah Mohamad (eds). Changing Marriage Patterns in Southeast Asia: Economic and Socio-Cultural Dimensions. London: Routledge.