LLB/BComm (Melbourne), MA, PhD (Melbourne)


Emeritus Professor McCulloch is a criminologist. As the inaugural professor of criminology at Monash she oversaw the program’s growth from a small and emerging discipline to one of the most successful criminology programs nationally and internationally. Her early research investigated the growing integration of war and crime, police and the military and security and crime control and the implications of this for justice. Her book Blue Army: Paramilitary Policing in Australia (2001) considered the contemporary rise and normalisation of paramilitary policing. Its analysis predicted the issues of police militarization that have emerged as a major challenge to social order, democracy, and human rights, including the deaths/killings in custody and criminalisation of First Nations people in Australia.

Her policing scholarship encompasses a focus on police violence, patriarchy, racism and impunity. Her research on policing and gender, and her article Brute Force: The need for Affirmative Action in the Victoria Police Force (with Lou Schetzer), was recognised in 2015 with the award of the Griffith University Prize for work improving policing for women. After the declaration of the ‘war on terror’ in 2001, her work continued to map the continuing militarization of police, its drivers and impacts. Her book Pre-Crime: Pre-emption, Precaution and the Future (with Dean Wilson) was the culmination of this phase of research and the first in-depth investigation of pre-crime, including its impacts on criminal justice, social justice, democracy and its links to ongoing colonial relations of power. Recent research projects focus on family violence including risk, women's security and the connections between violence against women, particularly intimate partner violence, and terrorism. Her article (with Walklate, S, Maher, J, Fitz-Gibbon, K and McGowan, J) ‘Lone Wolf Terrorism through a Gendered Lens’, won the American Society of Criminology, Critical Criminology and Social Justice division’s prize for best article in 2020.

As inaugural Director of the Monash Gender and Family Violence Centre she led a large program of research implementing the recommendations of the 2016 Victorian Royal Commission into Family Violence. This research, contracted by Family Safety Victoria, the Department of Health and Human Services and Victoria Police, included a comprehensive review of Victoria’s common risk assessment and management framework for family violence, redevelopment of minimum standards for men’s behavioural change programs, and evaluations of Victoria Police’s trial of body worn cameras for family violence matters and the implementation of the Victorian family violence information sharing scheme. The impact of this research was recognised with the Dean’s award for research impact for strengthening Victoria’s family violence system. Her 2017 Australian Research Council Discovery Grant (with Maher,J Fitiz-gibbon, K and Walklate, S) is Securing Women's Safety: Preventing Intimate Partner Homicide. Her most recent book is Towards a Global Femicide Index: Counting the Costs (Walklate, S Fitz-Gibbon, K, McCulloch, J and Maher, J).

Victorian Minister for Women and the Minister for the Prevention of Family Violence Taskforce for the prevention of family violence (2016-2019). 

2020 American Society of Criminology, Division on Critical Criminology & Social Justice , Best Journal Article of the Year for Lone Wolf Terrorism Through a Gendered Lens: Men Turning Violent or Violent Men Behaving Violently” in Critical Criminology: An International Journal, 27, 437-450 

2016 Dean’s award for research impact - Strengthening Victoria’s Integrated Family Violence System.

2005 Griffith University Prize for Research Improving Policing for Women – Presented by the Australasian Society for Women and Policing for ‘Brute Force: The Need for Affirmative Action in Victorian Police’

1. McCulloch, J, Walklate, S, Maher, J, Fitz-Gibbon, K & McGowan, J (2019) Lone Wolf Terrorism through a Gendered Lens: Men Turning Violent or Violent Men Behaving Violently? Critical Criminology, 27, 437-450.

2. Weber, L & McCulloch, J (2019) Penal Power and Border Control: Which Thesis? Sovereignty, governmentality or the pre-emptive state, Punishment and Society, 21 (4), 496-514.

3. McCulloch, J, & Wilson, D (2016) Pre-Crime: Pre-emption, Precaution and the Future, Routledge, London & New York.  

4. McCulloch, J, & Pickering, S (2009), Pre-Crime and Counter-Terrorism: Imagining Future Crime in the ‘War on Terror’, British Journal of Criminology, 49 (5) 628-645.

5. McCulloch, J (2001), Blue Army: Paramilitary Policing in Australia, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Australia.